How would you interpret verse 286 of Chapter Al-Baqara On no soul doth Allah place a burden greater than it can bear?

The sun was given as many planets as it can rotate, the tree was given as many branches as it can carry, the man was given as many hands as he can carry. The burden of the camel is different from that of the ant. He did not impose flying on the fish or swimming on the lion.

Human beings were ordered to do things as much as they could, as a matter of fact a lot less than they could by the grace of Allah, in this world of trial. To carry out all of the orders of Allah and to avoid all of the prohibitions of Allah are within a human beings scope. Is it the limit for us to perform prayers five times a day, to fast for a month? Of course not!...

If human beings evaluate this reality well, know how to be patient, do not weaken their willpower by treating it roughly, and above all, do not become a burden for each other, they will be able to carry their burden easily and leave this world of trial honorably.

There have been a lot of interpretations for the above-mentioned verse. So many judgements have been made in accordance with the spirit of this verse in different branches of science (ilm). It has been judged that a person who is not rich will not be obliged to give zakat (alms), that a person whose hand or foot has been amputated will not have to wash these organs when making wudu (ablution).

Aqaid (belief) ulama (scientists) has treated the question of capability in terms of intelligence and has explained a frequently asked question as follows: A person living in an uninhabited part of the world alone without being aware of a community life is responsible for only the realities that he is capable of knowing with his sheer intelligence!..

We can define sheer intelligence as unguided intelligence that has not known divine orders, that has not faced with the light of prophethood. There are various views on the scope that such intelligence can reach. According to Maturidi, one of the aqaid imams, a human being can know his Creator with sheer intelligence. Such a person is responsible for believing in Allah but is not responsible for other elements of belief and Islamic judgements.

Al Ashari, who is another aqaid imam, argues that it is impossible for such a person to know Allah by His names and attributes, and says that such a person will be of the group of salvation, freed from hell.

As it can be seen both imams agree on the following point: A person is responsible for as much as he can know in the environment he lives.

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