Hadiths about Prayer
Ibn Umar (r.a.) narrates: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) stated the following: “The place of prayer (salah) in religion is like the place of the head in the body.” (Majmau’l-Awsat, 3:154, (2313.) Imam Tabarani, Mu’jamu’s-Saghir)
Abu’d-Darda (r.a) stated the following: “My friend Muhammad (pbuh) gave me the following advice. Even if you are chopped up and burnt, do not associate partners with Allah and do not miss your fard prayers deliberately. Allah will move His protection away from a person who misses his fard prayers deliberately.” (Musnad: 5/238, Al-Bani Sahih Ibn Majah: 3529, Bayhaqi)
The following is reported from Abdullah bin Qurt (May Allah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “On the Day of Judgment, a slave will be questioned about his prayers first. If his prayers are good, his other deeds will be good, too. If his prayers are bad, his other deeds will be bad, too.” (Tabarani, Targhib)
The following is reported from Hz. Nawfal bin Muawiya (r.a.): “A person who does not perform a prayer on time is like someone whose family and property were removed.” Ibn Hibban
O he who feels very sorry for very small things that he loses in the world! You lose so much when you miss prayers!
In a hadith reported by Abdullah b. Umar (r.a.), the Prophet (pbuh) says, “A person who misses the afternoon prayer is like a person whose family and property have been destroyed.” (Jamiu’l Ahadith)
O he who does not perform prayers! Do you see what you lose only by missing the afternoon prayer? As if yourfamily and property have been destroyed!..
In another hadith reported by Hz. Abu Umama (ra), the Prophet states the following: “There is nothing superior to a person who is given by Allah the opportunity to perform a two-rak'ah prayer giving. As he is busy with praying, goodness and good deeds are poured onto him.” (Musnad Ahmad)
The following is reported from Jabir Ibn Abdullah (r.a): The Prophet (pbuh) said, “Between faith and unbelief is abandoning the prayer.” (Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Musnad)
The following is reported from Jabir Ibn Abdullah (r.a): The Prophet (pbuh) said: “The key to Paradise is prayer; the key to prayer is wudu (ablution).” (Musnad Ahmad)
Then, a person who wants to obtain the key to Paradise must perform prayers and open the door of Paradise with it. A person who does not perform prayers needs to see what he loses by abandoning prayers!..
The following is reported from Abdullah Ibn-Amr Ibn As (ra): One day, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) talked about prayers. He said, “The prayer of a person who performs five daily prayers without missing will be brightness, evidence and salvation for him on the Day of Judgment. A person who does not perform five daily prayers properly will be together with Qarun (Croesus), Haman, Pharaoh and Ubayy Ibn Khalaf.” (Musnad: 2/169, Darimi: 2/301, Ibn Hibban: 1448)
The following is stated in the explanation of this hadith: The reason why a person who does not perform daily prayers is together with one of those four people is as follows: If a person does not perform prayers because of being busy with his property, he is likened to Qarun, who had a great wealth. If a person does not perform prayers because of his sultanate, he is likened to the Pharaoh; he will be resurrected together with him. If a person does not perform prayers because of being busy with administration, he is likened to the vizier Haman; he will be resurrected together with him. If a person does not perform prayers because of being busy with trade, he is likened to Ubayy Ibn Khalaf; he will be together with him.
O my soul, which does not understand the value of prayer! You cannot even put up with the heat at noon; how will you put up with the fire whose fuel is men and stones? How will you put up with the torture to which Qarun, Pharaoh, Haman and Ubayy b. Khalaf are exposed and which increases continuously?
Allah Almighty states the following in the chapter of al-Maun: “So woe to the worshippers who are neglectful of their Prayers.”
Ata b. Yasar states the following about the word "wayl" (woe) mentioned in the verse: “Wayl is a valley in Hell; if mountains were put there, they would melt due to the severity of the heat.”
Ibn Abbas states the following: “Wayl is a valley in Hell. Hell takes refuge in Allah from its severe heat. It is the place of those who do not perform prayers.”
Allah Almighty states the following in the chapter of Maryam: “But after them there followed a posterity who missed prayers and followed after lusts: soon, then will they face Destruction”
Some interpreters (tafsir scholars) state the following for the word "Ghayya" (Destruction) mentioned in the verse: “Ghayya” is the name given to some wells into which the pus and wounds of the people of Hell flow.”
Ibn Masud states the following in the interpretation (tafsir) of this verse: “Those who are punished like that are not the people who abandon prayers fully. They are the ones who delay their prayers and perform them after their determined time.”
Said b. al-Musayyab, one of the notables of the Tabiin states the following: “Those who are punished like that are those who do not perform prayers at their determined time. Allah will punish a person who insists on acting like that by putting him into "Ghayya" if he does not repent before he dies. Ghayya is a very deep valley with severe heat in Hell.”
The following is mentioned in the event of Isra (Travelling at Night) reported by Abu Hurayra about those who perform prayers lazily: “…then, the Prophet (pbuh) visits a group of people whose heads are smashed and broken by stones. Their heads are smashed by stones and then are restored; the torture goes on like that. The Prophet (pbuh) asks, ‘O Jibril (Gabriel)! Who are they?’ Jibril answers, ‘They are those who perform fard prayers lazily.’” (Mundhiri, Bukhari) Mundhiri states that this hadith is Hasan. This hadith is also present in Bukhari.)
O he who does not perform prayers! Think: If the punishment given to a person who performs a prayer after its definite time ends, what will the punishment given to a person who never performs prayers be like? Does this punishment not frighten you? Or do you doubt the existence of the hereafter? Or, are you unaware that prayer is a fard of Islam? What will save you in the hereafter if you do not repent and if you do not start performing prayers at once? How will you bear that torture? Open your eyes and see the torture waiting for you; shiver if you are sane!..
The following is stated from Hz. Umar (r.a.): the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “The prayer is the pillar of the religion.” Jami’us Saghir,Hilyatul Awliya
O he who does not perform prayers! think! Are you aware that you destroy your religion by abandoning prayers?
The following is reported from Ibn Abbas (r.a.): “Once, the Messenger of Allah said to his Companions, “Pray as follows 'O Allah! Do not make anybody among the rebellious and deprived people.'" Then, he asked, “Do you know who is rebellious and deprived?" The Companions said, “Who? O Messenger of Allah!” The Prophet said, “He who does not perform prayers!” (Ibn Hajar “az-Zawajir” / Abu’l-Lays Samarqandi “Qurratu’l Uyun”)
The following is reported from Hz. Abu Qatada: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said that Allah stated the following in a sacred hadith: “I made it fard for your ummah to perform five daily prayers. And I made a promise to myself: If someone comes to me by paying attention to performing five daily prayers, I will send him to Paradise. I have nothing to say for the one who does pay attention to prayers.” (Abu Dawud)
O he who does not perform prayers! Does it not mean to accuse Allah due to His promise and to despise that promise if you do not perform prayers after hearing this promise? Pay attention to this promise, or tomorrow may be too late.
The following is reported from Hz. Ibn Abbas (r.a.): “When a person who abandons prayers reaches Allah, he will see that Allah will have inflicted His wrath on him.” Bazzar, Tabarani, Majma’uz Zawaid
The following is reported from Abu Hurayra radiyallahu anh: While the Messenger of Allah was passing by a grave, he asked, “Whose grave is it?” The Companions said, “It is the grave of such and such person.” The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “For this person in the grave, to perform a prayer of two-rak'ahs is better than all of your worldly goods.” Tabarani, Majma’uz Zawaid
Yes, toperform a prayer of two-rak'ahs is better than all of the money and the property of the world. It will be understood better in the grave. What is important is to understand it in the world.
Hz. Abu Dharr radiyallahu anh says, Once, the Prophet (pbuh) went out in winter. A lot of leaves were falling off the trees. When he held a branch of a tree, more leaves started to fall off. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said “O Abu Dharr!” I said, “Yes, o Messenger of Allah!” The Prophet (pbuh) said, “If a Muslim performs prayers in order to please Allah, his sins will be shed like the leaves of this tree are shed.” (Musnad Ahmad)
The following is reported from Hz. Aisha radiyallahu anha: The Prophet stated the following for the two-rak'ah sunnah of the morning prayer: “This two-rak'ah prayer is definitely better than the world for me.” (Muslim)
The following is reported from Abu Hurayra: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “When man prostrates upon reciting a verse of prostration, Satan moves away from that place by crying and says, 'I was destroyed. Man was ordered to prostrate and he did; thus, he deserved Paradise. I was also ordered to prostrate but I avoided prostrating. I deserve hellfire.'” (from Sahih Muslim: 81)
O he who is ordered to perform five daily prayers! Do not forget that Satan was damned because he avoided prostrating once and was expelled from Paradise. What will happen to us if we abandon prayers five times a day?
The following is reported from Hz. Fatima radıyallahu anha: the Prophet (pbuh) said to me, “O Fatima! If you want to meet me in the hereafter, increase your prostrations (that is, perform prayers more.)” Musnad Ahmad
O he who does not perform prayers! Listen to the advice the Prophet gives to his daughter. Even the daughter of the Prophet has to increase her prostrations, that is, perform more prayers, in order to be together with him in Paradise; see what kind of an end is waiting for us if we abandon performing prayers; and come to your senses.
- What is the importance of sunnah prayers? Is it enough to perform only fard prayers?
- Can a person who does not perform prayers go to Paradise directly? If he has not performed any prayers, will he perform them in the hereafter?
- Does sleeping without leaning on anything invalidate wudu? Are there hadiths regarding the issue?
- Fiqh decree on abandoning prayers
- The statements of Islamic scholars about abandoning prayers
- Are the sins between two prayers forgiven? If yes, which ones are forgiven and which ones are not forgiven?
- There are some people who say the prayers that are missed deliberately cannot be performed as qada (missed) prayers. Is it true? Does qada (missed) prayer exist in all madhhabs?
- What should a person who forgets the number of rak’ahs he has performed or who makes a mistake about rak’ahs do?
- Why do we need to read Subhanaka supplication when we stand up for the third rak’ah after the first sitting when we perform the sunnah prayers of the afternoon (asr) and night (isha) prayers?
- What are the hadiths related to sunnah/nafilah prayers and their virtues?