In the Glorious Quran it is said: He whom Allah guides is rightly guided; but he whom Allah leaves to stray,- for him wilt thou find no protector to lead him to the Right Way. (Al-Kahf Surah, 18:17). Does it mean that God forces man?
There are two alternatives in this question: First; does it happen however, God Almighty wills with His universal and all-encompassing will or the second; does man choose with his own will? The verse in this question is as follows: "Man yahdillahu fala mudilla lah. Va man yudlil fala hadiya lah: He whom Allah guides is rightly guided; but he whom Allah leaves to stray, - for him wilt thou find no protector to lead him to the Right Way. (Al-Kahf Surah, 18:17) Literally, guidance means the right path and the path the prophets stuck to. And straying means the way of the aggressors, losing the right path and straying from the right path.
If attention is paid, it will be seen that both of these are each a deed and act, and in relation to man, each a function. For this reason, both of these must be attributed to God. As was stated before, every deed is created by God. There is no deed outside of the will of God. The creator of straying from the right path with the reflection of the name Mudhell- The Disgracer, The Dishonorer and the creator of guidance with the reflection of the name Hadi- The Guide is God Almighty. Both of them are given by God.
But it does not mean that without any interference or connection of the slave, by force he is led astray or is rightly guided by God and he becomes either an aggressor or a trustworthy person.
This issue can be understood following way: It is wrong to attribute the deed of guidance and straying to man, because the real possessor is God and this deed must surely be attributed to the possessor. The amount of the deed does not change this fact; for example, if this deed weighs ten tons, even one tenth of it must not be attributed to man. The real possessor is God and this deed must surely be attributed to its possessor.
To explain this with an example: God guides and there are causes for His guidance. To go to mosque, to listen to advice, to illumine ones ideas are each a cause of guidance. It is also among the causes of guidance to listen to the Quran, to try to understand its meaning and to delve into its depths. To go to the presence of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), to sit before him while he gives advice, to listen intently to him, or to listen to a lesson of a people of knowledge, to enter his spiritual world that resembles paradise, and to take in the meanings he presents with all ones being are each one of the causes of guidance. Through these causes and ways, man nears to guidance. Even if going to the mosque is small in becoming nearer, God Almighty may make it a cause for guidance. The guide is God; but it is the slave who knocks at the door of God with the deed of wanting.
Man knocks at the door of the name Mudhell and says, Lead me astray. And if God wills, He leaves him to stray. But if He wills, He causes obstacles and does not leave him to stray. If due attention is paid, it will be seen that there is so little to man which suffices as the real cause neither for guidance nor for straying.
Let me give an example: When you listen to the Glorious Quran and a lesson of advice, or read a book of knowledge, your spiritual being is illumined entirely. However, another becomes irritated and uncomfortable when he hears adhan-the call to prayer-under the shadow of the minaret, or listens to a lesson of advice or even when he hears the most deeply uttered supplications and he complains: What are those cracked sounds?
Therefore, the one who guides and leaves to stray is God. But, if someone opts for evils and enters its way, then God creates this deed for him with a possibility of more than 999,9 out of a thousand-just like pushing the button-and then He either punishes man for his inclination and desire for evil or forgives him.
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