Are guidance and aberration based on the preference of the slave?

The Details of the Question

What are the verses about Allah’s creation of guidance and aberration based on the preference of the slave?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Partial free wills and preferences of people exist at the entrance gate of guidance and aberration. Allah creates guidance and aberration based on the preferences at the entrance since there are “aspects related to creation” in the last part of the road followed in that route.

 “Say, ‘The truth is from your Lord": Let him who will believe, and let him who will, reject (it)…” (al-Kahf, 18/29) It is indicated in the verse above that the slave can make a preference with his free will. That preference is related to the first steps in which creating a preference does not exist.

“It is true thou wilt not be able to guide every one, whom thou lovest; but Allah guides those whom He will and He knows best those who receive guidance.” (al-Qasas, 28/56) It is underlined in the verse above that guidance belongs to Allah. It is related to the last steps of belief in which creation exists.

“…Say: "Truly Allah leaveth, to stray, whom He will; But He guideth to Himself those who turn to Him in penitence’.” (ar-Ra’d, 13/27) It is indicated in the verse above that guidance and aberration belong to Allah. However, it is stated in the verse that those who are guided by Allah are the ones “that turn to him”; thus, attention is attracted to the preference of the slave in the first step.

“Allah disdains not to use the similitude of things, lowest as well as highest. Those who believe know that it is truth from their Lord; but those who reject Faith say: "What means Allah by this similitude?" By it He causes many to stray, and many He leads into the right path; but He causes not to stray, except those who forsake (the path).” (al-Baqara, 2/26) It is underlined in the verse above that the expressions of the Quran aim to keep the medium of testing alive.  

In the previous verse, it is stated that those who are guided by Allah are the ones “that turn to him”; thus, attention is attracted to the preference of the slave in the first step.

In the last verse, attention is attracted to the preference of the slave in the first step again with the expression “but He (Allah) causes not to stray, except those who forsake the path” related to those who are aberrated.  

The following statement, which can be regarded as the interpretation of the verse, is remarkable:

According to the tafsir of Sa'd Taftazani, belief is "a luminous light granted by the Eternal Sun (God Almighty) and a gleam from the endless bliss." (Said Nursi, İşârâtü'l-İ'câz p. 42)

To sum up, it can be said that Allah does not prevent anyone who “chooses belief” from it. However, as for a person who “chooses unbelief”, He fulfils his desire if He wishes, which is justice, or He does not fulfil his desire if He wishes, which is grace.

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