Will you explain what the time mentioned in the following hadith means and what nights it includes?: "The is an hour/a time period at night when everything worldly and unworldly is given to the person who asks for them.

The Details of the Question
Will you explain what the time mentioned in the following hadith means and what nights it includes?: "The is an hour/a time period at night when everything worldly and unworldly is given to the person who asks for them.
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The narration about the issue is as follows:

“There is such a time period at night that if a person finds that time period and asks something good for the world and the hereafter at that time, Allah will give him what he asks. It is valid for all nights.” (Muslim, Musafirin 166, 167)

Allah wants His slaves to mention His name during both the day and night, to pray and beg Him for the world and the hereafter. He wants them to pray as follows:  “O Lord! Make me happy both in this and in the other world. O Allah! Make me healthy. O Lord! Make me successful in the tasks that I do.”

Doubtlessly, both nights and days belong to Allah. He grants abundance and bounties as He wishes whenever He wants. He does not find it appropriate for His slaves, whom He created in the best way, to whom He granted the best bounties and for whom He prepared Paradise and His beauty, to spend a long night in deep heedlessness. He wanted them to know that Allah owns everything and to ask Him for their needs.  

There are such slaves of Allah Almighty that they miss the night just like the birds that miss their nests. When it becomes dark at night, they perform prayers being aware of the fact that they are in the presence of Allah; they receive great pleasure from prostrating and putting their faces on the ground. They thank and praise the Lord of realms due to His endless grace and bounties. They enlighten their tongues and hearts through His word. They remember Him by mentioning His names and glorifying Him. Allah Almighty becomes pleased with their situation and grants them great bounties through His mercy.  

The existence of this virtuous time in all nights is a separate grace and generosity. It is possible to find this valuable time on all nights. What fits a person is to try to seize this opportunity.

What is the wisdom behind the secrecy of this time?

No hour and time are inappropriate and closed for us, as the slaves of our Lord, to turn toward Him. Therefore, the times for the acceptance of prayers are kept as secret. Thus, people are asked to pray throughout their lives. As a matter of fact, the time of acceptance on Friday is hidden just like the saints among humans, the Night of Power (Laylatul-Qadr) in Ramadan, the greatest name of Allah among His other names, the time of death for a person and the time of the Doomsday. That is, the value and importance exist in the whole life, not in a single part. (Nursi, Mektubat, p. 460; Sunuhat, p. 19) Then, we are responsible for every detail of our life, even the ones that we regard to be unnecessary. Thus, we need to perceive every "moment" that we live as a unique opportunity to take refuge in our Lord.

Allah and His Messenger placed some uncertain parts in the good things so as to lead people to good deeds and to encourage them and to prevent them from doing bad deeds. The aim is to make people worship effectively and do other good deeds while looking for that good part. Therefore, an appropriate part is determined in all kinds of worship.

For instance, there is such a prayer among the prayers that a person who performs this prayer receives the reward of a hajj (pilgrimage). All prayers become valuable like hajj thanks to the reward placed among prayers. However, it is not known which prayer is worth a hajj since the quality of this reward is not obvious. Therefore, not all prayers are given the reward of a hajj. However, if that hidden prayer is found, a person receives the reward of a hajj. The uncertainness of that prayer, which is as valuable as hajj, makes it possible to include all of the prayers; it also prevents all of the prayers from having the reward of a hajj. The uncertainness excludes both wrong possibilities.

It is necessary to turn toward Allah, pray and beg Him at various times of the night with the hope of finding that time. It is necessary to understand this from the hadith first, to notice that the whole night is valuable and to act accordingly.

We can benefit from that time by reading the Quran, worshipping, etc; it is more important to make use of this time by performing prayers, which include all kinds of worshipping.

On the other hand, the hadith shows that nights are more valuable than days. For, the hour/time when prayers are accepted exists only on Friday during the daytime but it exists on all nights.

When is it?

Acting upon the fact that the Prophet always worshipped during the last one-third of the night in the last periods of his life, it can be considered that this holy time is during dawn.  

The Quran attributes many meanings to the concept of "night" and encourages people to benefit from the night. The night is a period that the Quran vows about by saying "wa'l-layli". The night is a "sign" that is evidence for the existence and oneness of Allah. Day and night are a "mercy" under His command. It is He who changes the night to the day and the day to the night.   

It is His power, which darkens the night and brightens the day. The night is a time of standing when it is necessary to wake up and worship. To worship at some part of the night, to worship, to prostrate, to glorify Allah for a long time, to say prayers, to wake up in the middle of the night, to pray and beg Allah, especially to perform tahajjud prayer is a determination of the Quran and a sign of being a believer. Night life includes vital opportunities for those who understand the meaning of life and means of enlightening the darkness of the grave.

The name of the night worship of the Prophet, who is the closest person to the Lord, is "ihyau'l-layl", that is, reviving the night. As the Quran puts it, those who did not appreciate the night, who did not recognize the being who created the night and who oppressed people by rebelling against Him, were destroyed and demolished at night; in a sense, the night took its revenge o them. From this point of view, it is necessary to "revive" the nights lest misfortunes should hit us.

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