Will you explain verse 22 of the chapter of Ibrahim? "And Satan will say when the matter is decided: ‘It was Allah Who gave you a promise of Truth: I too promised, but I failed in my promise to you..."

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Dear Brother / Sister,

"And Satan will say when the matter is decided: ‘It was Allah Who gave you a promise of Truth: I too promised, but I failed in my promise to you. I had no authority over you except to call you but ye listened to me: then reproach not me, but reproach your own souls. I cannot listen to your cries, nor can ye listen to mine. I reject your former act in associating me with Allah.’ For wrong-doers there must be a grievous penalty." (Ibrahim, 14/22)

When Allah’s decree about everybody becomes certain and people of Paradise are about to go to Paradise and the people of Hell are about to go to Hell, Satan will speak like that.

Satan will confess that he deceived people by promising them untrue things. However, Satan will also say that he did not have power to deviate those who wanted to follow the true path by force, that he only suggested people things through delusions and that they accepted it; he will add that they should reproach themselves. For, Satan affects man through delusion and enticement and he tries to show people the sins they commit as nice things and tries to persuade them that there is no religious drawback to obeying their own desires. As Razi puts it, the real Satan is man’s own soul and desires. If man’s soul had no inclination to superstitious and wrong beliefs, the satanic delusions and enticements would not be effective. Thus, Satan will indicate this fact by saying, "Then reproach not me, but reproach your own souls."

"I reject your former act in associating me with Allah." With this statement, Satan states that he tried to deviate people but that he did not regard himself to be equal to Allah and that he did not accept his being associated with Allah. As a matter of fact, it is seen in a few places in the Quran that he said he was created by Allah and that he addressed Allah as "my Lord". However, those whom he deviated by suggesting them delusions deified him and associated him with Allah by believing his deceptions. Therefore, it is indicated in the last sentence of the verse that those who follow him are wrongdoers and there is a grievous penalty for them.

(DİB., Kur’an Yolu:III/285.)

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