Will you explain the hadith about the woman who gave water to a dog going to Paradise and the woman who left a cat hungry and thirsty going to Hell? Did those women go to Paradise or Hell due to only those deeds?
A hadith is narrated in some books stating that a bad woman who climbed down a well to drink water gave water to a dog; therefore, she was forgiven by Allah and regarded as a person of Paradise. 1) Is it a sound hadith? 2) We do not doubt that Allah is the pardoner and merciful but was that woman forgiven only because of that deed or was it the last good deed of her after her other deeds of worshipping?
Submitted by on Sat, 23/12/2017 - 09:12
Dear Brother / Sister,
1. (1987)- Hz. Abu Hurayra narrates: The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,
"A man felt very thirsty while he was on the way; he came across a well. He went down the well, quenched his thirst and came out. Meanwhile he saw a dog panting and licking mud because of excessive thirst. He said to himself, "This dog is suffering from thirst as I did." So, he went down the well again and filled his shoe with water and watered it. Allah was pleased with him for that deed and forgave him."
The people with the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,
"O Messenger of Allah! Is there a reward for us in serving the animals?" The Prophet (pbuh) said,
"Yes, there is a reward for serving any animate (living being)." [Bukhari, Shirb 9, Wudu 33, Mazalim 23, Adab 27; Muslim, Salam 153, (2244); Muwatta, Sifatun Nabi 23, (2, 929-930); Abu Dawud, Jihad 47, (2550)]
2. The following is stated in another narration:
"A prostitute saw a dog turning around a well on a hot day; it was panting due to thirst. She took off her shoe, filled it with water and gave the water to the dog. The woman was forgiven due to this deed." [Muslim, Tawba 155, (2245)]
3. Ibn Umar narrates. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,
"A woman went to Hell due to imprisoning a cat in the house. She did not give it any food and did not let it go out and eat the insects on earth." [Bukhari, Bad'ul-Khalq 17, Shirb 9, Anbiya 50; Muslim, Birr 151, (2242)]
In the hadiths above, the Prophet (pbuh) mentions the reward a woman obtained due to giving water to a dog and the penalty a woman received due to harming a cat. This shows that even a minor deed can be a means of salvation for a person. It is necessary not to underestimate any sin. One sin can cause a person to go to Hell. This shows us that we should not underestimate any of our deeds. However, there is no decree that everybody who gives water to a dog will go to Paradise and that everybody who kills a cat will go to Hell. Allah will evaluate all deeds of man together. It is possible that the thawabs of the woman who gave water to the dog outweighed her sins with that deed. It is possible that the other woman went to Hell because her sins outweighed her thawabs with that deed.
Questions on Islam
- Does a person go directly to Paradise if his thawabs outweigh his sins when deeds are weighed in the Gathering Place?
- What is Mizan (Scale)?
- What deeds and favors cause a person to be forgiven? Are there examples mentioned in hadiths?
- It is hard for me to understand the phrase “killing all dogs” mentioned in hadiths. How is it possible that Our Prophet, who did not hurt even an ant, gave such a command?
- What does “The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is a mercy for all beings” mean?
- It is hard for me to understand the expression of “killing all the dogs” stated in hadiths. How is it possible that Our Prophet, who did not hurt even an ant, gave such a command?
- How will the accounting of animals take place in the Hereafter?
- What is the importance of meeting other people’s needs and being good to them?
- Is it not a contradiction that Allah created the sins and human beings so that they would repent and that He blamed those who committed sins and threatened them with Hell?
- The most virtuous four women are mentioned; who are the most virtuous women?