Will you explain the following verse? "... Say: "Even if you had remained in your homes, those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the place of their death..." (Aal-i Imran, 3/154)

The Details of the Question
Will you explain the following verse? "... Say: "Even if you had remained in your homes, those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the place of their death..." (Aal-i Imran, 3/154)
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

"After (the excitement) of the distress, He sent down calm on a band of you, to overcome with slumber while another band was stirred to anxiety by their own feelings, moved by wrong suspicions of Allah, suspicions due to Ignorance. They said: "What affair is this of ours?" say thou: "indeed this affair is wholly Allah's." They hide in their minds what they dare not reveal to thee. They say (to themselves): "If we had anything to do with this affair we should not have been in the slaughter here." Say: Even if you had remained in your homes, those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the place of their death"; but (all this was) that Allah might test what is in your breasts and purge what is in your hearts: for Allah knoweth well the secrets of your hearts." (Aal-i Imran, 3/154)

Ajal (appointed time of death) does not change. When the appointed time of death for man comes, he will die no matter where he is. In return for the statement of munafiqs (hypocrites) "we would not have died if we had not took part in the war", the verse expresses the reality that when the appointed time of death for man comes, he will die no matter where he is in order to warn the munafiqs.

Man cannot make comments about qadar (destiny) since he does not know it. However, since Allah knows the qadar of everything, He has the right to talk about their future.

Some munafiqs regretted having taken part in the war together with the believers. They said to one another, “If we had been in administration and they had acted in accordance with our views, we would not have been so terrible and fewer people would have died.” Thus, they accused the Prophet (pbuh) and demoralized the believers.

Say, O, Muhammad! 'Indeed this affair is wholly Allah's.' Then, the victory (superiority) belongs to Allah and His friends in the end.

"It is the party of Allah that must certainly triumph." (al-Maida, 5/56)

Or, the whole Badr belongs to him. Whatever he preordained in his divine qadar will take place. O Muhammad! Those munafiqs hide in their minds what they dare not reveal to you.

It is said that they regretted having taken part in the war together with the believers. They said to one another, "If we had anything to do with this affair we should not have been in the slaughter here." They say there are two ajals; they think normal causes can affect and change the divine will.

The word "amr" is the singular form of either the word "umur" or the word "awamir"; therefore, it may mean several things. On the one hand, it may mean objection to the prophethood of Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) promised to him by Allah on certain conditions; on the other hand, there exists the idea of revolution by finding the order and wish of the Prophet wrong due to rejecting the view of Abdullah b. Ubayy about not leaving Madinah, by intervening in the administration at a level higher than consultation and by regarding the style of the administration of the Prophet as tyranny. When those munafiqs talked to one another, they had this view but they could not express it. As a matter of fact, the Messenger of Allah had asked Abdullah b. Ubayy to take part in the consultation before the war.

Secondly, the Prophet narrated the dream he had seen and expressed the same view but since the majority of the consultation committee insisted on leaving Madinah, that view was accepted. Accordingly, the statement of the munafiqs "if we had anything to do with this affair..." by attributing a kind of tyranny to him was their distorting the truth in the form of slander.

Thirdly, this incident showed that it was not appropriate in terms of wisdom to include the munafiqs in the consultation committee. For, Abdullah b. Ubayy tried to cause insurgency in the army by learning the precautions about the war because his view was not accepted, making him feel it beneath his dignity. Therefore, as it was explained above, the following verse was sent down:

"O ye who believe! Take not into your intimacy those outside your ranks." (Aali Imran, 3/118)

The divine order "Say, 'Indeed this affair is wholly Allah's.' was shown as the truth from this viewpoint. Besides, the order "and consult them in affairs (of moment)" (Aali Imran, 3/159) was yet to come in order to state that there is no tyranny in affairs related to Islam..

Their claim we should not have been in the slaughter here was answered by the following statement in the verse: "Even if you had remained in your homes, those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the place of their death." That is, "O Muhammad! say, 'If you had not come to Uhud and stayed at home (that is in Madinah), those for whom death was decreed would certainly have gone forth to the place of their death; they would have been killed." For, it is not possible to return and change Allah's preordainment. Therefore, it is necessary not to think of bad things about Allah.

Allah did so not because he did not help the believers but in order to test you for wisdom and good things, especially to test the sincerity and mischief in you and in order to purify and clean the hidden things, delusions, doubts and sins in your hearts. It is necessary to know that Allah knows the secrets and hidden things in hearts. The reason why he tests people is not because of not knowing. There is a secret of choosing by our Lord in this test, through which believers form a habit and the state of munafiqs is revealed.

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