Will those who do not perform the morning prayer (fajr) not be able to see Allah’s beauty?

The Details of the Question

- Is there a hadith stating that those who do not perform the morning prayer (fajr) will not be able to see Allah’s beauty even if they enter Paradise?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Jarir b. Abdullah narrates:

We were in the presence of the Prophet (pbuh). One night, when there was full moon, he looked at the moon on and stated the following:

Certainly, you will see your Lord as you see this moon and you will have no trouble in seeing Him. So if you can avoid missing the prayer before the sunrise (Fajr) and a prayer before sunset (Asr), you must do so.” (Bukhari, Salah, 17; Muslim, Fadlu Salatayis-Subhi wal-Asr, 633)

Bukhari mentions this narration in the Book of Prayer Times under the title the Virtue of Afternoon Prayer.

Muslim's narration, as it can be understood from the name of the chapter, is under the title the Virtue of Morning and Afternoon Prayers and Continuing to Perform them in Congregation.

Some of the hadiths about seeing Allah on the Day of Judgment state that Allah can be seen by believers on the Day of Judgment just as the moon can be seen effortlessly and definitely when there is full moon and the sun can be seen effortlessly on a clear day. Some of the narrations give the answer to the question "Will we see our Lord?" asked by the Companions to the Prophet (pbuh).  In some others, the Prophet looks at the moon and states they will see Allah as they see the moon.

Some hadiths aim to attract attention to the morning and afternoon prayers and to encourage people to perform them. Every Muslim who enters Paradise will see Allah.

That seeing Allah is resembled seeing the moon in the hadiths indicates that seeing Allah (ru’yah) will occur clearly and definitely, without a veil, without a direction.

For, side and direction are for the body. Allah Almighty, who is pre-eternal and post-eternal, is free from matter and body; His essence does not resemble any essence. He is beyond the imagination of thoughts, the estimation of minds, the encompassing of reason and ideas, and free from time and space because He is necessarily existent, pre-eternal and post-eternal.

In that case, the hadith states that believers will be able to see their Lord comfortably from where they are on the Day of Judgment without the hassle of seeing the crescent at the beginning of the lunar months, and in the comfort of seeing the full moon in the fourteenth of the lunar months.

In addition, while it is stated in the hadith that believers will be able to see Allah easily and comfortably in the hereafter, it also encourages Muslims to perform the morning and afternoon prayers on time, and to try to overcome the obstacles that the soul and the devil may cause in this regard. It shows that believers’ obtaining the right to see Allah in the hereafter is closely related to prayer.

In fact, although each of five daily prayers has its own merit and importance, only the morning and afternoon prayers are mentioned in the hadith because the morning prayer coincides with the time of sleep and the afternoon prayer coincides with a time when daily work becomes busier and increases; therefore, the soul and the devil manage to prevent these prayers more than the other prayers.

Therefore, Muslims are encouraged to be more alert during these two times.

In addition, at these two times, the night angels called "hafazatullayl" and the day angels called "hafazatulfajr" come down from the sky and attend the prayer together with the congregation in order to take over guard duty from each other. This handover is repeated during every afternoon prayer and morning prayer. Those who leave the guard duty rise to the sky again and stay there until their guard duty start. They speak highly of the believers who pray in congregation to their Lord.

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