Why is the wudu of a husband or wife invalidated in Shafiis when they touch each other though they are husband and wife?

Details of the Question
Why is the wudu of a husband or wife invalidated in Shafiis when they touch each other though they are husband and wife?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

This is a controversial issue among madhhabs.

One of the issues used by the enemies of Islam is the issue of “madhhab”. On the one hand, they try to show the issue of madhhab as an element of disagreement; on the other hand, they want to deceive Muslims through demagogy. When you study the issue of madhhab a bit, you will see that madhhabs originated from a need and that they were never an element of disagreement.

In the religion of Islam, which consists of two parts called creed and deed, madhhabs deal with practical issues. The appearance of more than one madhhab originated from the fact that the imams of madhhabs understood some theoretical principles differently. (Nursi, Mektubat, p.449)

For instance, while the Prophet (pbuh) was performing a prayer, a stone pricked his forehead and his forehead bled. Hz. Aisha removed the stone from his forehead and threw it away. The Prophet (pbuh) made wudu again and performed the prayer. Since the Prophet made wudu again, his wudu must have been invalidated.

Abu Hanifa, the imam of Hanafi madhhab, and Imam Shafii, the imam of Shafii madhhab analyzed this incident when they dealt with the issue of what invalidates wudu.

Abu Hanifa reached the following conclusion: “The Prophet (pbuh) made wudu again because the stone caused bleeding.”  Imam Shafii explained the cause of the invalidation of wudu as Hz. Aisha's touching the forehead of the Prophet (pbuh). Thus, according to Hanafis, a little amount of bleeding invalidates wudu but according to Shafiis, when a woman touches a man, wudu is invalidated.

As it is seen, both decrees are true and they are based on a true reason.

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