What is the wisdom behind the fact that Moses and Aaron were sent to the same nation and at the same time? Why were two different prophets were sent to the same nation?

Details of the Question
What is the wisdom behind the fact that Moses and Aaron were sent to the same nation and at the same time? Why were two different prophets were sent to the same nation?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Some verses about the issue is as follows:

He said: "O my Lord! I have slain a man among them, and I fear lest they slay me."And my brother Aaron― he is more eloquent in speech than I: so send him with me as a helper, to confirm (and strengthen) me; for I fear that they may accuse me of falsehood." He said: "We will certainly strengthen thy arm through thy brother and invest you both with authority, so they shall not be able to touch you: with Our Signs shall ye triumph― you two as well as those who follow you." (al-Qasas, 28/33-35)

He said: "O my Lord! I do fear that they will charge me with falsehood:"My breast will be straitened and my speech may not go (smoothly): so send unto Aaron."And (further), they have a charge of crime against me; and I fear they may slay me." (ash- Shuara, 26/12-14)

"And give me a Minister from my family."Aaron, my brother;"Add to my strength through him, "And make him share My task."That we may celebrate Thy praise without stint, "And remember Thee without stint: For Thou art He that (ever) regardeth us." (Taha, 20/29-35).

"So go forth both of you to Pharaoh, and say: `We have been sent by the Lord and Cherisher of the Worlds" `Send thou with us the Children of Israel.'". (ash-Shuara, 26/16-17).

As far as what we understand from these verses, some wisdoms behind the fact that Aaron was sent as a prophet together with Moses are as follows:

a. Moses accidentally killed a man who was an acquaintance of the Pharaoh. Therefore,  he was returning from Madyan, which he had escaped from, to Egypt. He was anxious that he would be assassinated by either the state or the relatives of that man. As it is stated in the hadith, Aaron had a respectable position there. To support the same aim with him and to act together could soften the unfavorable atmosphere.

b. Moses was a hot-blooded person. Therefore, he used to answer his opponents’ objections harshly; besides, because of his harsh nature, he was not a good speaker that can express himself nicely. Aaron was a good speaker. Since he was both tender-minded and a qualified speaker, this would compensate for Moses’ negative sides in appearance.

c. Moses had not been living in Egypt for years. The new generation did not know him well. He would announce that he was prophet once he came back from Madyan. He knew he would face an adverse atmosphere in many ways. In contrast to him, Aaron had been living in Egypt for years and had made many friends thanks to his likeable character. Because of his rhetoric, ability of persuasion, honesty and sympathetic behaviours, he was known as a reliable man  by the people around him. An idea of him could be unequivocally accepted by many people. So, his  sharing the same duty with Moses, standing shoulder to shoulder and confirming Moses’ prophecy was very important. The wish of Moses in this issue was accepted by God, who is both Gracious and Merciful.

d. In Moses’ actual proclamation of his religion, it is understood that he wanted to benefit from Aaron’s effect over both Israelites and the Pharaoh. Besides, another reason can be his staying away from Egypt for at least ten years.

e. The necessity of coping with humans and their wordly problems by prophets while proclaiming the religion, may require them to shorten the time of mentioning the names of Allah and glorifying Him. Assistance to the prophet in this issue provides both rise in the demand for mentioning the names of Allah and increasing in learning.

"That we may celebrate Thy praise without stint, And remember Thee without stint.’’ (Taha, 20/33-34) This verse becomes the ultimate target of the following verses:

"Add to my strength through him, and make him share My task’’ (Taha, 20/31-32)

The Quran indicates clearly that Moses' demands were given to him. (Taha, 20/36).

f. As it  is also understood from the verses (see Taha, 20/88-91), the pagan religion that they adopted in Egypt was rearing constantly up. When Moses ascended to Mount Sina, he left Aaron with Israelites. Although he was a prophet, they opposed Aaron and worshipped a calf. The occasions like this show that it was necessary not to leave Israelites alone even for an instant. In other words, two prophets could hardly cope with them.

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