What does Allah’s power’s relation being according to laws mean?
Submitted by on Sat, 27/06/2020 - 11:23
Dear Brother / Sister,
7.1.5-Divine power’s relation is according to laws
Divine power’s relation is according to laws. In other words, it regards many-few, great-small as the same. God Almighty has some laws that are in effect in the universe. According to them, many-few, great-small do not matter. They help us to understand Allah’s management in the realms. Badiuzzaman Said Nursi groups them as follows:
“Divine power’s relation is according to laws. That is to say, it regards many and few, great and small as the same. We shall make this abstruse matter easier to understand with a number of comparisons.
In the universe, Transparency, Reciprocity, Balance, Order, Disengagedness, and Obedience are all matters which render many equal to few, and great equal to small.
According to Allah’s power, all creatures are the same. Big and small, many and few do not cause difficulty to His power, do not constitute an obstacle; one of them and a thousand of them are regarded to be equal.
First Comparison: This explains the Mystery of Transparency. For example, the sun’s image and reflection, which are its radiance and manifestation, display the same identity on the sea’s surface and in every drop of the sea. If the globe of the earth was composed of varying fragments of glass and exposed to the sun without veil, the sun’s reflection would be the same in every fragment and on the whole face of the earth, without obstruction or being divided into pieces or being diminished. If, let us suppose, the sun acted with will and through its will conferred the radiance of its light and image of its reflection, it would not be more difficult for it toconfer its radiance on the whole surface of the earth than to confer it on a single particle”.
The manifestation of power in the creation of a single tree is the same as the manifestation of power in the creation of an infinite number of trees.
Thus, with the mystery of transparency, the sun’s manifestation on a small piece of glass is the same as its manifestation on the whole earth. In other words, it gives the whole earth the same light as it gives a piece of glass.
It is possible to bring this to mind closer with the following example: For instance, suppose that there is only one cherry tree in your garden. Also, suppose that the whole earth is filled with cherry trees. There is no difference for the sun in terms of ease between reflecting its light on a single tree and reflecting its light on all of the cherry trees on earth.
Acting upon this point, there is no difference for the power of Allah in terms of ease between creating a single cherry tree and creating all of the cherry trees on earth. The manifestation of power in the creation of a single tree is the same as the manifestation of power in the creation of an infinite number of trees.
“Second Comparison: This concerns the Mystery of Reciprocity. For example, let us suppose there is a vast ring composed of living beings, that is, of human beings, each holding a mirror. At its center is an individual holding a candle. The radiance and manifestation reflected in all the mirrors surrounding the central point will be the same, and its relation will be without obstacle, fragmentation or being diminished.
It is supposed that there isa ring composed of human beings, each holding a mirror and in the center of the ringan individual holding a candle. The candlelight enters into the mirrors of the surrounding individuals with the same ease without being split.
All creatures, whether big or small and few or many, are on the scales of possibility. In other words, one pan of the scale is existence and the other is non-existence the scale. Allah’s infinite power is like a touch that disrupts this balance.
Just like this example, according to Allah’s power, all creatures are the same. Big and small, many and few do not cause difficulty to His power and do not pose an obstacle; one of them and a thousand of them are regarded to be equal.
“Third Comparison: This concerns the Mystery of Balance. For example, there are an enormous set of scales which are extremely accurate and sensitive. Whichever of two suns or two stars or two mountains or two eggs or two particles are placed in its two pans, it will require the same force to raise one pan of those huge sensitive scales to the sky and lower the other to the ground.”
If there is a particle in one pan of accurate and sensitive scales and another particle in the other pan, the scales will be in balance. If one particle is added to one of the pans, the balance will be disrupted.
If two suns of the same weight are weighed on both pans, the scales will still be in balance. If one particle is added to one of the pans, the balance will be disrupted and one pan will go down while the other goes up.
Just like this example, all creatures, whether big or small and few or many, are on the scales of possibility. In other words, one pan of the scale is existence and the other is non-existence the scale. Allah’s infinite power is like a touch that disrupts this balance.
When God Almighty wants to create a particle or a sun or the whole universe, the manifestation of His will is the same manifestation in each case. That is, the size of the thing to be created is not important. There is no difference between Allah’s saying “Be” to a particle and its coming into being and His saying “Be” to a sun and its coming to being.
Fourth Comparison: This concerns the Mystery of Order. For example, a huge ship can be turned as easily as a tiny toy boat.
Due the secret of order in the universe, Allah turns the earth with the same force as He turns a particle. There is no difference between big and small for His power.
Allah’s deeds and operations in the universe are through His command. He makes an atom come into being from non-existence with the command “Be”; likewise, He makes the whole universe come into being from non-existence with the same command.
Fifth Comparison:This concerns the Mystery of Disengagedness. For example, a nature disengaged from individuality regards all particulars from the smallest to the greatest as the same and enters them without being diminished or fragmented. The qualities present in the aspect of external individuality do not interfere and cause confusion; they do not alter the view of a disengaged nature such as that. For example, a fish like a needle possesses such a disengaged nature the same as a whale. Or a microbe bears an animal nature the same as a rhinoceros..
The power of Allah is not of the same kind as the universe just like His essence. In other words, He is independent of the characteristics and limitations of the universe. Thus, the obstacles and limitations within the universe do not bind Allah’s power. It is equally easy for the infinite power of Allah to create and control a small fish and to create and control a large whale.
Sixth Comparison:This demonstrates the Mystery of Obedience. For example, a commander causes a single private to advance with the command “Forward march!” the same as he causes an army to advance. The truth of the mystery of this comparison about obedience is as follows:
As is proved by experience, everything in the universe has a point of perfection, and everything has an inclination towards that point. Increased inclination becomes need. Increased need becomes desire. Increased desire becomes attraction, and attraction, desire, need, and inclination are each seeds and kernels which together with the essences of things conform to the creative commands of Almighty God. The absolute perfection of the true nature of contingent beings is absolute existence. Their particular perfections are an existence peculiar to each which makes each being’s abilities emerge from the potential to the actual.
Thus, the obedience of the whole universe to the Divine command “Be!” is the same as that of a particle, which is like a single soldier. Contained all together in the obedience and conformity of contingent beings to the pre-eternal command of “Be!” proceeding from the Pre-Eternal will are inclination, need, desire, and attraction, which are also manifestations of Divine will. The fact that when subtle water receives the command to freeze, with a refined inclination it may split a piece of iron demonstrates the strength of the mystery of obedience.”
Due to the secret of obedience, a commander makes a soldier, as well as a million soldiers, walk with the command “March”.
Similarly, Allah’s deeds and operations in the universe are through His command. He makes an atom come into being from non-existence with the command “Be”; likewise, He makes the whole universe come into being from non-existence with the same command.
The absolute perfection of things that have not come into being is to go to the field of existence first. Everything in the universe has a point of perfection. That being has an inclination towards the point of perfection, that is, to the most perfect, in its intelligence and ability. As inclination increases, need arises. As need increases, desire occurs. As desire increases, attraction occurs.
This inclination, need, desire and attraction in creatures become a basic point and core to obey the commands of Allah.
The obedience of the whole universe to the command “Be” given by Allah is like the obedience of a particle that is like an individual soldier. The inclination, need, desire and attraction in the beings, which are the manifestation of the will in the beings, have been placed in them so that they will obey the commands of Allah. The fact that when subtle water receives the command “Freeze”, it splits a piece of iron demonstrates the strength of the mystery of obedience by elements.
“If these six comparisons are observed in the potentialities and actions of contingent beings, which are both defective, and finite, and weak, and have no actual effect, without doubt it will be seen that everything is equal in relation to Pre-Eternal power, which is both pre-eternal, and post-eternal, and creates the whole universe out of pure non-existence, and being manifested through the works of its tremendousness leaves all minds in wonderment. Nothing at all can be difficult for it.
Such a power cannot be weighed on the small scales of these mysteries, neither are they proportionate. They have been mentioned to bring the subject closer to the understanding and to dispel any doubts.”
To sum up, the power of Allah is from His own essence. When the attribute is from the essence, the opposite cannot enter into it. Since its opposite cannot enter into it, there will be no degrees and stages. Thus, many-few, great-small do not matter in creation for the power of Allah.
Similarly, since Allah’s attributes like seeing, hearing, will and knowledge are from His own essence, there is no difference for Him between knowing one thing and knowing everything, hearing one voice and hearing all sounds, seeing one thing and seeing everything, He hears everything, sees everything, knows everything, does everything at the same time. No deed prevents another deed.
Questions on Islam
- Third Matter: Six laws regarding the Divine power: Transparency, reciprocity, balance, order, disengagedness and obedience.
- Conclusion: The explanation of the verse as "Your creation and resurrection is but like a single soul"
- The Fourteenth Word: Some verses and Hadiths which are difficult to understand: The creation of heavens and the earth in six days.
- Second Station: It is a summary about the proof of oneness from the point of the Greatest Name.
- Gleams: Flowers from the Seeds of Reality. A short ‘Mathnawi’ and collection on the subject of belief for the Risale-i Nur students.
- Second Principle: The reality of the Ascension.
- The Addendum to the Tenth Phrase of the Twentieth Letter: It shows that there is an infinite facility in divine unity and endless difficulties in multiplicity and associating partners with Allah.
- The Air: The manifestation of Divine wisdom, will and power on the molecules of air.
- Fourth Flash: Stamps that show the existence and oneness of Allah on the deed of "giving life".
- Third Aim: The explanation of verses such as “The Best of Creators” and “The Most Compassionate of the Compassionate” and the answer to the question about the perfection of the Creator of all the worlds.