What are the attributes of Allah?
What are the attributes of Allah?
Submitted by on Tue, 23/05/2017 - 10:06
Dear Brother / Sister,
The divine attributes are divided into two groups: personal and immutable.
1. Wujud (Existence),
2. Qidam (Pre-eternity, eternal existence in the past),
3. Baqa (Eternity, immortality),
4. Wahdaniyyah (Oneness, having no partner),
5. Qiyam bi nafsihi (The continuation of His existence stems from nothing but Himself),
6. Mukhalafatun lil hawadith (His essence does not resemble that of His servants and His attributes do not resemble those of His creatures)
1. Hayah (Life)
2. Ilm (Knowledge)
3. Irada (Will)
4. Qudrah (Power)
5. Sam’ (Hearing)
6. Basar (Sight)
7. Kalam (Speech)
8. Takwin (Creation, making)
The attribute of takwin (creation) is regarded as one of Allah’s attributes according to the Maturidi school of thought. The other imam of creed, Imam Ashari, does not regard this attribute as separate. Thus, there are seven immutable attributes according to this school of thought.
It is possible to see that in some Islamic sources, the divine names are also mentioned as attributes. For example, Karim (All-Munificent) is one of Allah’s names. At the same time, in terms of qualifying Allah as munificent, it functions as an attribute as well. When we say “Allah the Munificent”, we use the name Munificent as an attribute too.
Again, in those sources, the attributes of Allah Almighty are evaluated in three groups.
1. Personal attributes (They are divided into two as immutable and negative)
2. Actual attributes
3. Spiritual attributes
All of Allah’s beautiful names are based on one of these attributes. For example, the name of All-Knowing (Alim) is based on the attribute of knowledge from the immutable attributes, the name Powerful (Qadir) on the attribute of power, and the name Speaker (Mutakallim) on the attribute of speech. In the same way, the name First (Awwal) is based on the attribute of qidam (eternity in the past) from the personal attributes and the name Last (Akhir) is based on the attribute of immortality.
Most of the divine names rest on actual attributes. The name Creator (Khaliq) is based on the act of creation; the name Life-Giver (Muhyi) on the act of resuscitation; the name Giver of Form (Musawwir) on the act of shaping and the name of Giver of Death (Mumit) on the act of giving of death.
Some names are based on spiritual attributes. The name Perfectly Wise (Hakim) is based on Allah Almighty’s attribute of having wisdom, the Greatest (Kabir) on the attribute of having greatness and the name Beautiful (Jamil) on the attribute of having beauty.
Questions on Islam
- What are the attributes of Allah? How many types of attributes are there?
- It is said that Allah created the universe and then stepped back. Can you explain that statement?
- Attributes Of Allah
- What are Allah's attributes? How many groups are they divided into?
- What does personal attributes mean? Is the name ar-Rahman an attribute of the self of Allah? Is it objectionable to give the name Rahman to children?
- To what extent is a Christian’s belief of God who believes in trinity acceptable and valid?
- What does Tawhid (Oneness of God) mean?
- How should we understand the statement, "Allah is not anywhere and He is everywhere"? They say, "Allah is very close to us and we are far away from Him." How is it possible?
- If Allah refers to himself as "He" then doesn't that mean he is just a being?
- Could you please explain the notion of Tawhid (Oneness)?