Is there a hadith which says, “let your house suffice you”?

Details of the Question

They say there is a hadith which contains the statement “let your house suffice you”. Our Prophet (SAW) had been asked “What is salvation?” and He (SAW) had replied it. What is the full version of this hadith?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Uqbah ibn Amir (RA) narrates: I asked the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) “What is salvation” He replied:

“Hold back your tongue, let your house suffice you, and cry over your sins.” (Tirmidhi, az-zuhd,50 ; Musnad, 2/212; 4/158; 5/259)

Tirmidhi said that this hadith is hasan (حَسَن meaning "good", see ibid)

Ḥasan (حَسَن meaning “good”) is used to describe a hadith whose authenticity is not as well-established as that of sahih (sound) hadith, but enough for use as supporting evidence.

One of the subjects which is remarkable in this hadith is holding the tongue back. It is better understood how appropriate this advice is if we take into consideration the troubles one’s own tongue brings on a person. For, whenever one gets into trouble, it is either because of his deeds or his words.

Hold back your tongue

Tongue is not just a tool of evil. It can be very useful and beneficiary when its bridle is taken over and dominated.

It should also be noted that it is even more important to hold it back in times of mischief and unrest. For, it is clear that spreading or sharing a word that is heard, without investigating if it is true or not, will cause many lies, slanders, unrests and corruptions.

As a matter of fact, it is necessary to fear the threat of the warning expressed in the following hadith: "It is enough of a lie for a man to narrate whatever he hears." (Muslim, Muqaddimah 5)

This hadith reveals very precisely that it is a lie to convey whatever is said without doing any research. The way of not lying is to examine what is heard thoroughly.

May Allah (JJ) forbid, spreading everything that is heard may mean thousands of lies.

In this respect, as in everything, it is necessary to decide by going over the words with fine comb, especially in situations where there is a possibility of the emergence of an unrest or mischief.

In summary, in this age, when messages, news, speculations, comments reach millions, it should be our prior task to hold back our tongues.

The verses that we will quote attract attention to the fact that we should pay attention to every organ and every feeling, especially our tongue:

“And do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge. Indeed, the hearing, the sight and the heart - about all those [one] will be questioned.” (al-Isra, 17:36)

“Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared [to record].” (Qaf, 50:18)

Let your house suffice you

One of the points to which attention is drawn in the hadith is to be attached to home.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) advises us not to look anywhere other than the home for the peace and bliss by saying “Let your house suffice you”.  A disfavor with a house which may turn into heaven with one’s wife and children and leaving it for spending time in cafés and some other miserable places means not giving deserved dignity to the family and accepting the discomfort in advance.

Considering that even the treats offered to family members are “sadaqa” themselves, the minutes we spent with our family will count as thawabs and we will become happy too. Family members who feel the warmth of their spouse and their father at home will get happy equally. The same thing is valid for the women as well. They too must look for peace and happiness in taking care of the children at home and obedience to their husbands.

It should not be forgotten that the warning ‘Let your house suffice you’ is more important especially in such times when sins, epidemics, mischief, anarchy, etc. are common. It is very important in terms of this aspect that the question “what is salvation” is answered in the hadith. This phrase may cover our family, home and the place where we should be, in any kind of bad situation such as trouble, sorrow, sins, epidemic and calamity.

So, one of the places necessary for our salvation is our home and family.

Cry over your sins

It is important to cry over the sins. If one can cry for his own sins, it means he has found the true path of divine forgiveness. Moreover, a person who can cry for his sins reviews the past properly on the one hand and tends to look to the future with more care on the other hand.

It is also a start for him to be more careful so as not to commit such sins which inflict serious wounds in his spiritual world.

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