Is it regarded unbelief to curse luck, time and life?

The Details of the Question

- I know that it is regarded unbelief to curse qadar. Is it also regarded unbelief to curse luck, time and life?
- Luck cannot occur on its own; Allah creates everything. If you do not believe like that, you are in trouble. If you believe like that but curse luck, it is regarded as unbelief. That is what I understood. Allah creates time and life; in that case, is it regarded unbelief to curse them?
- Will you write if there are different answers regarding luck, life, time, etc.? Please do not refer me to the answer given in one of your writings? I sometimes read those answers but I do not understand them.

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The following is stated in a narration of Bukhari:

“Allah states the following: The son of Adam hurts me for he abuses time though I am time: in My hands are all things, and I cause the revolution of day and night.” (Bukhari, Tafsir 45)

Badruddin Ayni, the explainer of Bukhari, states that Arabs attributed the occurrence of misfortunes and disasters to time in the Era of Ignorance and adds the following:

“Some of the Arabs of the Era of Ignorance used to curse time, which consisted of the circulation of night and day because those people did not believe in Allah and attributed all events to time; that is, they would attribute the events that took place to time, that is, the day and night when they took place. They believed that everything occurred by the order of time. They were called Dahris.”

Ayni continues his statement with the following explanations:

“What the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) means by that hadith is as follows: None of you should curse time because time is not the real doer. It is Allah who does things. When you curse the time, which you believe to have caused those misfortunes, you are regarded to curse Allah because it is not time that causes those misfortunes but Allah. God Almighty’s statement 'I am time' means 'I am the owner of time'.” (Umdatul-Qari, 22:202)

It is true that in the Era of Ignorance, there was a group that attributed every evil to time and the verse “Nothing but time can destroy us” (al-Jasiya, 24) mentions their words. That idea was known as “Dahriyya” among the denialist movements in history. Their influence was seen after Islam too. Cursing time as the real doer is forbidden in those hadiths.

It will be useful to explain the following here:

Even some ancient scholars sometimes complained about time in their books and criticized falaq (destiny) because they were not able to remove some evils, and when they were hopeless, they complained about time and destiny. They complained not because they accepted time as the real doer but because the events did not occur as they wished and desired.

That is why believers also complain about destiny from time to time. In fact, every Muslim knows that time is a law and a creature of God Almighty.

Let us listen to the criterion about it from Badiuzzaman Said Nursi:

“Thirty years ago, while I was travelling among tribes, they asked this question: Even the great people and saints complain about time and destiny. Does it not mean objecting to the deeds of the Almighty Creator?"

"Answer: No and never! Maybe its meaning is as follows: The complainer virtually states the following: The thing I want and desire and the state I long for are not suitable for the nature of the world arranged by the law of pre-eternity, for the law of destiny drawn with the compass of the grace of pre-eternity, for the nature of time printed in the printing house of the eternal wish and divine wisdom that established the general affairs; therefore, what our minds want and what our desires wish cannot always take place. A great encompassing circle cannot be prevented from moving just for the sake of the desire of a person." (Kastamonu Lahikası, p. 220; Münazarat, p. 52-53)

“Q. Did salaf scholars mention the evil of tyranny?”

Definitely yes because many poets in their poems and many authors in their books complained about time, objected to time, attacked destiny and trampled the world under their feet. If you listen and look with your heart and mind, you will see that all arrows of objection hit the bosom of tyranny, which clings to the dark veil of tyranny of the past. And you will hear that all yells come from the influence of the claw of tyranny. Although the tyranny was not visible and its name was not known, everyone's souls were identified with the meaning of tyranny. Some strong geniuses uttered a deep scream as they breathed in. However, the mind did not know it well because it was in the darkness and not collected. When they considered the meaning of tyranny as a heavenly disaster, they started to attack and criticize time and destiny. It is a definite rule that if something leaves the circle of partial free will and partiality, and enters the circle of generality, or if it is impossible to get rid of it, it is attributed to time and time is blamed and destiny is attacked. If you observe it well, you will see that the criticism of destiny will cause the heart to harden as hopelessness.” (Münazarat, p. 51-52)

To sum up, it is a requirement of taqwa to stay away from such words and curses. The intention of the person, in particular, can make things worse for him. For example, thoughts such as attributing the real cause to time and luck, regarding them as a manifestation of fate and attacking fate will be dangerous.

If a person complains by attributing his own distress to causes, its explanation is given above.

If a person does it in terms of the points mentioned in the explanation of the hadith, it is explained with a two-way intention.

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