Is Islam a patriarchal religion?
Submitted by on Sat, 12/06/2010 - 11:28
Dear Brother / Sister,
Rather than a patriarchal or a matriarchal family structure, Islam demands a family structure which is based on Divine commands and prohibitions. There is no place in this family for an understanding which permits male domination and tyranny as we know it.
As men are the protectors and maintainers of women (the Qur’an, an-Nisa; 4:34), women are “each God’s trust whose rights must be complied with, whose personality must be respected” and they are men’s friends in both worlds.
Men are women’s protectors and the maintainers of the house. However, this maintaining and protecting do not correspond to patriarchy but it represents serving for the family and the house. As a matter of fact, the following is stated in a hadith (saying of the Prophet): “The leader of a community is its servant.” (Ajluni, Kashfu'l-Khafa, 1/463)
This mutual and shared life is emphasized in this verse: “According to customary good and religiously approvable practice, women have rights similar to those against them (that men have)” (the Qur’an, al-Baqarah; 2:228).
It should be known well that man and woman are two components completing each other. The distinguishing characteristics of each of them are arranged in such a way as to complement the deficiencies of the other one.
The family of humanity can only be maintained through mutual respect and love between man and woman.
Questions on Islam
- Could you please give information about "Nafaqa" (Sustenance: Maintenance: Alimony)?
- Before the Lord of the Universe (pbuh) was given the duty of prophethood, how was religious, moral and social state of humanity and world?
- What is the reason behind the fact that the man pays the woman mahr (dowry) for marriage? Why does the man have to pay it but not the woman?
- What are the duties of the spouses in the family?
- What are the responsibilities the woman in the family and her duties toward her husband?
- What are the advantages of belief in the Hereafter for the society and individuals?
- Is it permissible to use contraceptive pills? If it is not permissible, is it as sinful as abortion?
- Is it a sin for the wife and husband to avoid having intercourse with each other? Can a man or woman reject the sexual desire of their spouses when they are sick?
- What is your advice about flirt kind of relations?
- Could you give some information on nationalism and racism? Is it religiously permissible if I love my nation better than other nations?