If it is an order of Allah to Hz. Ibrahim to sacrifice his son, does Allah give up His order and decree?
Submitted by on Wed, 08/03/2017 - 14:24
Dear Brother / Sister,
It is stated in the verses that follow this verse that the order to sacrifice Hz. Ismail aims to test both him and his father Hz. Ibrahim.
The interpretation of the relevant verses (as-Saffat, 37/101-107) are as follows:
"When his son reached the age of running with him, that is, working, he said to his son in order to show him something to do for Allah, to obey him, ‘O my son! I saw in my dream that I was sacrificing you. Now see what is your view? What do you think?’ It is said that Hz. Ibrahim saw this dream on the eighth, ninth and tenth nights of the month of Dhul-hijjah on end. The dreams of prophets are revelation and their interpretations are also revelation. Therefore, Hz. Ibrahim regarded and interpreted it like that; thus, when he received revelation like that it was a wjib duty, an order. Thereupon, he did not try to fulfill this order by force. He asked his son what to do about it and how to do it because he wanted his son to receive thawabs by obeying this order. It is necessary to think what a lofty feeling of compassion, what a great love of duty and love of Allah the father had when he addressed his son “O my son!” and told his son about it. It is necessary to think what a big trouble and what a terrible divine test it was. His obedient son, who understood that it was such a divine order and knew that Allah was with those who showed patience, said, ‘O my father! Do as you are commanded. You will find me if Allah so wills one practicing patience’ (...)
"And we ransomed him amomentous (great) sacrifice. That is, we gave Ibrahim a great sacrifice of ransom to be slaughtered instead of his son. The dream was realized when he started to slaughter him; what can be the meaning of the ransom after addressing him ‘You havealready fulfilled the dream’? The best explanation of it is as follows: It is said that Ibrahim vowed to Allah that if he had a son, he would sacrifice him in the way of Allah. Then, he forgot it but the dream reminded him about it. Therefore, when the call was heard, the dream had been realized but the vow had not been fulfilled yet. The ransom completed it by changing the decree and became a boon. Therefore, Abu Hanifa said, ‘It becomes wajib for a person who vows to sacrifice his son to sacrifice a sheep.’
"What was that great sacrifice (animal) and why was it great? The majority says it was a white ram, and in another narration, a colored ram, with big eyes, which is in accordance with the view of Jews. Some say it was a mountain goat from the mount of Sabir. Some scholars interpreted its greatness as a big one while others as spiritual greatness and importance."
"An animal that eliminates the problem of not one prophet but two prophets, who were a father and a son, that is a ransom for the prophet from whose descendants will come the last prophet, and that comes from Paradise will definitely be great. Some scholars said its greatness was based on the Sunnah and the religion coming after that. Abu Bakr Warraq said it was great because it was created directly and because it was not born. However, there is no need to remind that the phrase of the Quran "a momentous (great) sacrifice" is more comprehensive and greater than all of them." (see Elmalılı, Hak Dini Kur'an Dili, the interpretation of the relevant verses)
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