How should we understand the hadith "If a person blames his believing brother for something, he will not die before doing the same thing"?

The Details of the Question

If the person who blames repents, will he still not die before doing the same thing? For instance, if he blames some oppressors and fasiqs like Abu Jahl and the Pharaoh, will he die as an unbeliever?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The word "believing brother" is used in the hadith. Therefore, a person is not held responsible if he blames unbelievers for their unbelief. Besides, if a person who blames his believing brother repents and ask for forgiveness from him, the same thing will not happen to him inshaallah.   

Hz. Jundub narrates:  

"The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,

"If a person reveals and announces the mistakes of others, Allah will announce his mistakes too. If a person does good things in public to show off, Allah will disclose his real intention." [Bukhari, Riqaq 36; Muslim, Zuhd 48, (2987)]

The word for word translation of the hadith is as follows: "If a person makes himself heard, Allah will make him heard. If a person acts hypocritically, Allah will act hypocritically to him."

To reveal a person's mistake that is not known by everybody means to announce it. This is a deed that is rejected by the religion. The Messenger of Allah stated the following:

"If a person covers the mistake of a person in the world, Allah will cover his mistake in the hereafter."

When a person commits some forbidden deeds, he is punished by the opposite of what he wants:

"Punishment depends on the deed."

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