The fourth verse of the surah al-Furqan from the Qur’an

The Details of the Question
The fourth verse of the surah al-Furqan from the Qur’an : “Those who disbelieve say: ‘This (Qur'ān) is but a fabrication which he (Muhammad) himself has invented, and some others have helped him with it, so they have produced a wrong and a falsehood’. ” What is the reason for disbelievers to say something like this? The fourth verse of the surah al-Furqan from the Qur’an : “Those who disbelieve say: ‘This (Qur'ān) is but a fabrication which he (Muhammad) himself has invented, and some others have helped him with it, so they have produced a wrong and a falsehood.”
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Translation of the related verse:

“Those who disbelieve say: "This (Qur'ān) is but a fabrication which he (Muhammad) himself has invented, and some others have helped him with it, so they have produced a wrong and a falsehood. "They also say: "(It consists of) only fables of the ancients which he has got written. They are being read to him in the early mornings and evenings (while people are at home). "Say: "(It is a Book full of knowledge, revealing many secrets such as no human being could in any wise discover by himself:) He Who knows all the secrets contained in the heavens and the earth sends it down (to teach you some of these secrets and guide you in your life so that you may attain happiness in both worlds). He surely is All-Forgiving, All-Compassionate. ” ( the Qur’an, al-Furqan, 25:4-5-6)

They verse were sent in Makkah. Those who said it most probably did not believe in a concept like inspiration. They were trying to interpret what they did not believe with their own minds. Idol worshippers from Makkah, in fact, were trying to obstruct through different ways the impact of the Qur’an, of which the decrees, they thought, were harmful for their false beliefs and their present order based on oppression.

One of these ways was their claiming that  God’s Prophet ( pbuh) invented The Qur’an himself with the help of “some people”, in other words,  several people who were the believers in the Holy Books at that period in Makkah. This claim that He collaborated the Qur’an, such a magnificient book, with information He collected from some randomly chosen people was nothing but a nonsense one. In the 6th verse that we quoted above, the claims of idol worshippers are refused and also the statement: “He Who knows all the secrets contained in the heavens and the earth sends it down” points out this fact : The Qur’an contains rich secrets, informations on the unknown and facts that nobody can bring out with their own humanly abilities and without the help of Allah. Thus, the evidence that proves the Qur’an is not any human’s word but God’s is the Qur’an itself and its content.

Historical sources inform that the actual reasons of those who disbelieved in Muhammad (pbuh) were various such as social, political and economic ones. In fact, disbelievers did not witness any behavior of Muhammad (pbuh) which was to blacken his personality, character, and his well-known security, reliability and sincerety. However, because of various reasons, they deemed his behaviour as a madness, a poetship and an oracle when they did not accept his prophethood, - considering that he was illiterate - they claimed that the source of the Qur’an and parables especially ones that they usually heard of around  were from the Book of the Jews. The statement that “some others have helped him with it” from the verse, is especially a sign of their mentioning about three slaves from Makkah who had been reading the Torah. ( Zamakhshari, Tabari, Razi, the interpretation of the related verse)

To sum up, such claims do not really originate from the situation that disbelievers considered to be doudtful. No matter what the reason is, those who did not accept Muhammad’s ( pbuh) prophethood attempted to refute him with various fabrications. The Holy Qur’an – using a scientific method – first enunciates their claims and after that gives the necessary answer. Here, in this case, including their claims that ,in short, “ The Qur’an is a fabrication which has been made by Muhammad, the illiterate, to memorize night and day by those who read the previous books like the Torah”, the Qur’an replies this claim of theirs briefly : “No! There is no such a thing to happen. The Qur’an has been sent down only by Allah, The Holy One who knows the secrets of the heavens and the earth.” This means: It is apparent injustice and malign to claim such a book like the Qur’an to be a fabrication although this book informs about the knowledge that can only be known by the Creator – especially at that time – such as the creation and the phases of creation of the heavens and the earth and human, triangulation points of incidents that happened to past communities and the crucial points of historical events.

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