Can you provide me the ahadees regarding Prophet Jesus coming back to earth again issue?

The Details of the Question

here one of Islamic scholar says that whole quran is empty for this big incident of re-coming of hazrat Eisa to earth, it should be written in Quran but theres no Memoir regarding this issue, so please let me know all authentic ahadees which have the Memoir of re-coming of Prophet Jesus.

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Here is the detailed answer;

Are the hadiths about Hz. Isa (pbuh) (Jesus) mutawatir?

The hadiths reported about the advent of Jesus are at the level of tawatur. Many researchers report that our scholars hold this view. The definition of tawatur in the dictionary is as follows:

Tawatur: Strong news: strong news which has no possibility of containing lies and which is reported by a group.1

Islamic scholar Sayyid Sharif Jurjani explains the concept of tawatur hadith as follows:

Khabar mutawatir is news that is reported by so many people that it is impossible for all of them to agree on a wrong piece of news. If both the words and the meaning of the news are the same, it is called "mutawatir lafzi" (words). if the meaning is the same but there are some differences among the words, it is called "mutawatir manawi" (meaning).2

Writing a special book called at Tasrih bi-ma Tawatara fi Nuzuli'l Masih regarding hadiths stating the advent of Jesus in the form of tawatur, Sheikh Muhammad Anwar al Kashmiri, the great hadith scholar, included seventy-five hadiths and twenty-five works of the Companions and those who saw the Companions. 

One of the most important scholars mentioning that Jesus will come is Abu Hanifa. Abu Hanifa, writes the following at the end of his book called al-Fiqh al-Akbar:

"The emergence of Dajjal (Anti-Christ), Yajuj (Gog) , Majuj (Magog) , the descent of Jesus and other signs of Doomsday are true as they are mentioned in sound hadiths and they will take place."3

The issue of Jesus descending on the earth is one of the ten major signs of Doomsday; many Islamic scholars dealt with the issue in detail in their books. When the explanations regarding the issue are evaluated in detail, it will clearly be seen that there is unanimity among Islamic scholars about the second advent of Jesus. For instance, as-Saffarini states in his book called Lawami that Islamic scholars unanimously agree on the issue as follows:

"The whole ummah agrees that Jesus, son of Mary, will descend. No people of sharia disagree about it."4

Sayyid Alusi, the great Islamic scholar, gives examples from the views of the other Islamic scholars and states that they unanimously agree that the news about the descent of Jesus is at the level of tawatur manawi in his tafsir called Ruhu'l Maani and that it is wajib to believe in the descent of Jesus.5

Imam Kawthari states his views on the descent of Jesus as follows:

The tawatur regarding the descent of Jesus in hadiths is tawatur manawi." Each one of the sahih (sound) and hasan (nice) hadiths indicate different meanings but all of them unanimously agree that Jesus will descend on the earth; it is a reality that cannot be denied by anyone who is interested in the science of hadith. That the hadiths regarding the emergence of Dajjal and the descent of Jesus are at the level of tawatur is not something that is doubted by the people of the science of hadith. Some scholars of kalam (belief) accept that it is wajib to believe in the hadiths related to the signs of Doomsday but they have some doubts whether some of those hadiths are mutawatir or not; this originates from having insufficient knowledge related to the science of hadith.6

After interpreting the relevant verses and explaining the hadiths, the scholar Ibn Kathir expresses his thought as follows:

They were reported from the Messenger of Allah as mutawatir;  it is explained in those hadiths how and where Jesus will descend. The sound and mutawatir hadiths regarding the descent of Jesus with his body are not suitable for interpreting differently. Therefore, anyone who has a little belief and conscience needs to believe that Jesus will descend on the earth. Only those who are opposite the sharia, the book of Allah, the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah and the consensus of Ahl as-Sunnah can deny it.7

Another explanation that those hadiths are mutawatir is as follows:

Shawkani says the number of hadiths stating that Jesus will descend amounts to twenty nine and he reports all of them one by one Then, he says,  "As it is seen, the hadiths we have reported have reached the level of tawatur. With this statement, it can be concluded that the hadiths related to the expected Mahdi, Dajjal and the descent of Jesus are mutawatir.8

Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, Bazzaz, Ibn Majah, Hakim, Tabarani and Abu Ya'la Musuli report hadiths from various Companions regarding the issue; they attributed them to Ali, Ibn Abbas, Ibn Umar, Talha, Ibn Mas'ud Abu Hurayara, Anas, Abu Sa'id Khudri, Umm Habiba, Umm Salama, Thawban, Qurra bin Iyas, Ali Hilali and Abdullah bin Harith bin Juza through some chains.9 Along with them, Ibn Hajar Haythami writes in his book called as-Sawaiq-ul Muhriqa, Shablanji in his book Nur-ul Absar, Ibn Sabbagh in al-Fusul-ul Muhimma, Muhammad as-Sabban in Is'af-ur Raghibin,  Ghanji ash-Shafii in al-Bayan, Sheikh Mansur Ali in Ghayat-ul Ma'mul, Suwaydi in Sabaiq-udh Dhahab that the hadiths regarding the advent of Jesus are mutawatir.

Hadith scholars of Ahl as-Sunnah wrote those hadiths in their books. For instance, Abu Dawud, Ahmad, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Hakim, Nasai, Tabarani, Rawyani, Abu Nuaym Isfahani, Daylami, Bayhaqi, Tha'labi, Hamawayni, Manawi, Ibn Maghazili, Ibn Jawzi, Muhammad-us Sabban, Mawardi, Ghanji ash-Shafii, Sam'ani, Kharazmi, Sha'rani, Daraqutni, Ibni Sabbagh Maliki, Shablanji, Muhibbuddin Tabari, Ibn Hajar Haythami, Sheikh Mansur Ali Nasif, Muhammad b. Talha, Jalaladdin Suyuti, Sheikh Sulayman Hanafi, Qurtubi, Baghawi and other scholars included this issue in their books.

Sheikh Abdulfattah Abu Ghudda, states that hadiths mentioning that Jesus will descend and kill Dajjal are mutawatir.10 In his book called Nazmu'l-Mutanasır 11, hadith scholar Kattani writes, " The descent of Jesus is definite by the Book, Sunnah and the consensus of the ummah; the hadiths about Dajjal and Mahdi are mutawatir." In his tafsir book called al Bahru'l Muhit, tafsir scholar Ibn Atiyya al Ghirnadi al Andulusi writes,"The ummah has consensus that Jesus is alive and that he will descend on the earth at the end of time; the hadiths regarding the issue are mutawatir."

It is understood from the narrations of the writers who have books regarding the issue that hadith resources are very rich. Besides, the hadiths stating that the descent of Jesus is one of the signs of Doomsday that will appear at the end of time are present in major hadith resources like Bukhari and Muslim. Some of them are as follows:

"Doomsday will not strike unless you see ten signs. One of them is the descent of Jesus..." (Muslim, Kitabu-l Fitan: 39)

"By Allah, Maryam's (Mary's) son (Jesus) will descend in order to perform hajj or umrah or both of them." (Muslim, Hajj: 216, 1252)

" Doomsday will not strike unless ten signs are seen: Smoke, Dajjal, Dabbatu'l Ard, the sun rising in the west; Jesus descending on earth  ..." (Rudani, Büyük Hadis Külliyatı, Volume 5 p. 362)

"I swear by Allah in whose hand is my soul that Jesus, son of Mary, will descend as the owner of justice soon..." [Bukhari, Kitabu'l-Buyu': 102, Mazalim: 31, Anbiya 49; Muslim, İman: 242 (155); Abu Dawud, Malahim: 14 (4324); Tirmidhi, Fitan: 54 (2234)]

"Jesus will descend; their leader will say to him, 'Come and lead the prayer.' He will say, 'Some of you are leaders for some of you. This is Allah's grace and generosity for this ummah. " (Rudani, Büyük Hadis Külliyatı, Volume 5 p. 380)

"By Allah, Maryam's (Mary's) son (Jesus) will descend as a fair judge and sultan..."(Sahih Muslim bi Sharhin-Nawawi, Wolume 2, p.192; Kanzul Ummal, Kitabul-Iman, Bab Nuzulu Isa Ibn Maryam, 14/332)

"When Maryam's son will descend on you while you have a leader among you, what will you be like?" (Bukhari, Anbiya 50, 3265, 3/1272; Muslim, Iman: 71, 155, 1/136; Bayhaqi, Asma wa Sifat: 3265, 2/166)

Islamic scholars regard the issue of the descent of Jesus as an issue of creed.  

In almost of Ahl as-Sunnah books that explain belief issues, it is stated that Jesus will descend on the earth before Doomsday, that he will struggle against Dajjal and kill him and that he will make religious ethics dominant in the world. Evaluating the evidence in the Quran and the news in the hadiths together, Islamic scholars regarded belief in the second advent of Jesus as an important principle of belief. They explain the issue as follows:

1. Allah states the following in verse 157 of the chapter of an-Nisa: "... but they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them..." Along with this verse, in several other verses of the Quran, it is stated that Jesus is alive in the presence of Allah and it is indicated that he will come to the world for the second time. Islamic scholars unanimously say that it is not possible to claim the opposite. For instance, while interpreting this verse, Ibn Khazm says, "A person who says Jesus was killed will be regarded as a person who has exited the religion of Islam or who has become an unbeliever. " 12

2. It is very important evidence for Muslims that the hadiths related to the second advent of Jesus are at the level of tawatur and that they are very clear without giving rise to any doubts. Besides, there is not even one hadith that can be used against the hadiths regarding the issue, that is, stating that Jesus will not come for the second time.

3. The following hadith reported by Jabir Ibn Abdullah is other evidence used by Islamic scholars: "A person who denies the advent of Mahdi definitely denies what has been sent down to Muhammad (pbuh). A person who denies the descent of Jesus, son of Mary, definitely becomes an unbeliever. A person who does not accept that Dajjal will emerge is definitely an unbeliever." This hadith is included in famous Islamic resource books like Faslul Khitab by Sheikh Hajah Muhammad Parisa, Maanil Ahbar by Sheikh Abu Bakr al Kalabazi', ar-Rawdul Unuf by Imam Suhayli and al-Arful Wardi fi Akhbaril Mahdi by Imam Suyuti. Besides, Sheikh Abu Bakr mentions the chain of this hadith: "It was reported to us by Muhammad Ibn Hasan, to him by Abu Abdillah al-Husayn Ibn Muhammad, to him by Ismail Ibn Uways, to him by Malik Ibn Anas, to him by Muhammad Ibn Munkadir and to him by Jabir Ibn Abdillah."

4. Islamic scholars attract attention to the multitude and reliability of the narrators of those hadiths. Some of the narrators are as follows: Abu'l Ashas as-Sanani, Abu Rafi, Abul Aliya, Abu Umama al-Bahili, Abud Darda, Abu Hurayra, Abu Malik al-Khudri, Jabir Ibn Abdillah, Huzayfa Ibn Adis, Safina, Qatada, Uthman Ibnul As, Nafi Ibn Kaysani, Walid Ibn Muslim, Ammar Ibn Yasir, Abdullah Ibn Abbas...

In conclusion, Islamic scholars regard belief in the descent of Jesus and that he will make the real religious ethics dominant in the world as one of the important principles of belief. 

References:

1. Osmanlıca-Türkçe Ansiklopedik Büyük Lügat, Türdav, İstanbul, 2000, 3003
2. Mukhtasar Sayyid Sharif, p. 46
3. al-Fiqh al-Akbar, Abu Hanifa, Nu'man b. Thabit (150/767), Trnsl by: H. Basri Çantay, Ankara, 1982
4. Lawamiu'l Anwaril Bahiyya, as-Saffarini, 2/94-95; Nüzul-i Mesih Risalesi, Ahmet Mahmut Ünlü, Ekmel Yayıncılık, İstanbul, 1998, p.169
5. Ruhu'l Maani, Sayyid Alusi, 7/60; Nüzul-i Mesih Risalesi, Ahmet Mahmut Ünlü, Ekmel Yayıncılık, İstanbul, 1998, p. 168
6. Imam Kawthari, Nazratun Abira, p.44-49; Nüzul-i Mesih Risalesi, Ahmet Mahmut Ünlü, Ekmel Yayıncılık, İstanbul, 1998, p. 167-168
7. Ibn Kathir, 1/578-582; Awnu'l Mabud, 11/457-464
8. Sunan Ibn Majah, 10/338
9. Muqaddima, Ibn Khaldun, MEB Şark Islam Klasikleri, Volume 2 p. 137-139
10. Said Havva, 9: 445
11. Nazmu'l-mutanasir fi'l-hadithi'l-mutawatir, al-Kattani Abu'l-Fayd Muhammad b. Ja'far al-Hasani, Aleppo, p.147; İslam İnancı Açısından Nüzul-i İsa Meselesi, Dr. Zeki Sarıtoprak, Çağlayan Yayınları, İzmir, 1997, p.108
12. Ilmu'l-Kalam, Ibn Khazm, p. 56-57; İslam İnancı Açısından Nüzul-i İsa Meselesi, Dr. Zeki Sarıtoprak, Çağlayan Yayınları, İzmir, 1997, p.53

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Comments

hassan

im vey very thankful to you that you provide me the best possible ahadees ragarding that issue...may Allah bless you

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