Can Umrah be performed during the month of Dhul-qidah?
Submitted by on Tue, 10/11/2009 - 16:12
Dear Brother / Sister,
There is not a certain condition of time period for Umrah. Umrah is a kind of worship in which people visit the Kaaba by getting into the state of Ihram (A spiritual, mental and physical state that one is in when embarking on Hajj or Umrah. It is also the clothing one is wearing while in this state) and performing Tawaf (circumambulation of the Kaaba during hajj) and performing some other religious tasks.
Hajj is a kind of worship performed during the months which are called the months of Hajj. The months of Hajj are Shawwal, Dhu’l-qadah and the first ten days of Dhu’l Hijjah according to Hijri Calendar. Hajj can be performed within these months both with or without Umrah. Performing Hajj with Umrah or without Umrah is called the kinds of Hajj performance.
The statement of “The time of Hajj is during the months of Hajj which are Shawwal, Dhu’l-qadah and the first ten days of Dhu’l Hijjah” is the interpretation of the Quranic verse which is translated as “Hajj is in the well-known months” (al-Baqarah, 2/197).
The duty of Hajj starts when one gets into the state of Ihram. The beginning of it is in Shawwal. Those months are called the months of Hajj because one getting into the state of Ihram in Shawwal can complete the requirements of pilgrimage until the evening of 10th (or 13th ) day of Dhu’l-Hijjah.
In conclusion, the reason why those months are called the months of Hajj is that one can get into the state of Ihram, which is the first condition and element of Hajj, only in those months. Getting into the state of Ihram before those months is makrooh (abominable) according to Hanafi and Hanbali sects. The hadith “It is Sunnah not to get into the state of Ihram except in the months of Hajj” (see Zukhaili, al-Fiqh’al-Islami, 3/64-65) narrated by Bukhari from Ibn Abbas was influential on the scholars’ view regarding the issue.
According to the Shafi’is, getting into the state of Ihram in other months is valid for Umrah, not for Hajj; because, the verse “Hajj is in well-known months (al-Baqarah, 2/197)” does not mention that one cannot get into the state of Ihram in the other months that are not determined for pilgrimage (see Mughni Muhtaj, 1/471, Muhadhdhab, 1/200).
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