According to a hadith, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) stopped one of his companions marrying a woman who could not have children. Why are barren women rejected? Isn't it a punishment for something which is not under their control?
Submitted by on Wed, 17/02/2010 - 17:51
Dear Brother / Sister,
Those hadiths should be evaluated as incentives. The hadith does not mean blaming infertility and infertile women. When the fact that the population was few in the first period of Islam is taken into consideration, it can be understood better why Islam encouraged marrying fertile women.
There are judgments like fard ayn, fard kifayah and wajib in the Quran; similarly there are judgments like mustahab and mandoob in the hadiths.
The judgment here is mustahab; it is preferred and liked because it causes parenthood and the increase in the population of ummah and produces the fruit of the family.
On the other hand, there are recommendations to marry People of the Book (Christians and Jews) and not to force them to become Muslims as it is expressed in the following verse: ‘Let there be no compulsion in religion.’
The following is stated in the hadiths: “A man marries a woman for four reasons (it is valid not only for men but also for women; however, since man is the first one to ask for marriage, he is addressed): for her beauty, nobility, wealth, and religion (ethics). Prefer the fourth one.”, and it is recommended that the equality should be preferred in terms of ethics and character.
However, if a woman has all of those things, she will certainly be preferred more because beauty in the character will bring about the others, too.
It is stated that Christians give importance to the beauty of face, Jews to wealth and polytheists to nobility; Muslims are advised to pay attention to the beauty in character.
If the events that are desired do not take place, it is necessary to show patience and content to predestination.
One should love his/her spouse not in terms of his/her worldly aspect but in terms of the eternal togetherness in the hereafter.
It is something to reject an infertile woman and it is another not to accept her. Everybody will accept that if two women have the same characteristics but one of them is infertile, the fertile one will definitely be preferred.
However, if it is understood that she is infertile after she has been accepted as a wife, the ways to treat her infertility should be sought, and she should never be rejected.
Questions on Islam
- A woman is married for four (things); her wealth, her family status, her beauty and her religion. Choose (marry) the religious woman so that your home will be in abundance. (Bukhari) Could you please explain this hadith?
- Is there a hadith of the Prophet (pbuh) about those who do not have any children?
- Is it permissible to marry a girl who is older than you?
- Why did the Prophet (pbuh) marry Hz. Khadijah, who was much older than him? When the Prophet (pbuh) married, he was twenty-five and H. Khadijah was forty. He could have found a younger wife if he had wanted. What factors were important in his choice?
- How to select a soul-mate for marriage?
- Will you give information about the life and virtue of Hz. Aisha?
- Are women neglected in the Islamic law?
- Who has the right of divorce?
- Could you give information about the Prophet’s wives and his polygamy?
- Will you give information about the viwes of the prophet (PBUH) and his polygamy?