What is the importance that Islam gives to justice?
Allah states the following in a verse:
“Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and liberty to kith and kin, and He forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion...” (an-Nahl 90)
That is, God Almighty does not give consent to oppression and rebellion.
Allah, who is absolutely just, is not unaware of what oppressors do; oppressors and traitors will definitely be accounted for what they do in detail in the presence of divine justice.
In another verse, the risk of inclining to oppressors and tolerating their oppression, let alone supporting them, is stated as follows:
“And incline not to those who do wrong, or the Fire will seize you; and ye have no protectors other than Allah, nor shall ye be helped.” (Hud, 113)
In another verse, the following is stated:
“Allah doth command you to render back your Trusts to those to whom they are due; and when ye judge between people that ye judge with justice...” (an-Nisa, 58)
The interesting point here is that the word "people" not "believers" is used when justice is mentioned. Accordingly, it is necessary to treat everybody with justice whether they are friends or enemies.
As a matter of fact, the following verse teaches us the same thing:
“Then shall anyone who has done an atom's weight of good, see it! And anyone who has done an atom's weight of evil, shall see it.” (az-Zilzal, 7-8)
One of the important essentials of justice in Islam is that a person's friends, relatives, nation and state cannot be held responsible for the mistake of that person. God Almighty states the following in the Quran;
“Nor can a bearer of burdens bear another's burden…” (Fatir, 18)
Everybody is punished due to their own sins. A person who commits a murder, not anybody else, will be punished because of that murder. However, if someone causes another person to commit a sin, both the sinner and the one that causes it will be punished.
God Almighty has determined boundaries in the Quran so that people will not violate one another's rights; He has named them as "boundaries of Allah". He tells us that those who transgress those boundaries will be regarded as oppressors and warns them that they will suffer divine torture.
The Prophet (pbuh) states the following in a hadith: “Allah tortures those who torture others in the world.”
In the Quran, God Almighty states that the cruel nations that do not rule by justice will have a sad ending. We will give two verses as example:
“How many populations have We destroyed, which were given to wrong-doing? They tumbled down on their roofs. And how many wells are lying idle and neglected, and castles lofty and well-built?”
“How many were the populations we utterly destroyed because of their iniquities, setting up in their places other peoples!.”
(al-Anbiya , 11)
The religion of Islam orders us to show respect to the rights of the members of other religions, too. In times of peace, their rights are guaranteed and protected just like those of Muslims. As a matter of fact, according to Hanafi madhhab, “A Muslimwho kills a non-Muslim unjustly during the period of peace is executed.” That is, he is also killed.
The Prophet threatens people like that in a hadith as follows:
“I am the enemy of the person who persecutes a dhimmi. I will call my enemies to account in the hereafter.”
(Kashfu’l Khafa, II, 218, hadith no: 2341)
This is the reality about Islam. Then, it is necessary to look for the reason why some Muslims who are away from the spirit of Islam are involved in terror and oppression in their ignorance and souls instead of in the religion of Islam.
It is known that man can err; only a person who commits a crime is held responsible for it, not others. It is not fair to hold a person's religion responsible for a personal mistake that a person makes.
It is necessary to mention a very important point here:
The centers that prevent Muslims from learning the real Islam from its original resources and practicing it, that encourage them to be alienated from their religion by leading them to debauchery and that cause Muslims to be poor by exploiting them ruthlessly are to be held responsible for the Muslims that fall into anarchy. These centers had better call themselves to account and question their own conscience instead of blaming others.
- What is the importance that Islam gives to justice?
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