What are the Rules of Being Victorious in the Battles According to the Holy Quran?
1. Obeying the Divine Laws
There exist Divine Laws which Allah had determined for the human beings. For example, he who works earns. He who shows patience succeeds. Being a member of a true cause is not sufficient for a victory in the battle. In fact, Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH), who is the most beloved slave of Allah, who is the greatest man, along with placing his trust in Allah, did not fail to refer causes. For example, He (PBUH) wore two armors in Uhud (1), ditched moats and took shelter during the Battle of Khandaq
2. Knowing to Keep Secrets
Hazrat Prophet (PBUH) did not tell what the destination was in the wars beforehand except Tabuk Campaign and used allegorical expressions. (2) The verse Take not into your intimacy those outside your ranks (Aal-e-Imran), 118) guides us on this matter.
3. Not Talking about Everything Everywhere
Many busy days were experienced in the era of Prophet (PBUH). When Muslims migrated to Madinah although they obtained safety to some extent, they were not fully safe. It was possible that Makkan idolaters would attack at any moment. Sometimes rumors such as they are attacking; they will attack were put about among people. (3) This verse informs us what to do in such cases:
When there comes to them some matter touching (public) safety or fear, they divulge it. If they had only referred it to the Messenger, or to those charged with authority among them, the proper investigators would have known it from them (direct).
With the expression of Allahs Messenger (PBUH): Talking about everything one hears is enough as sin for him. (4) Just as everything which is heard is not possible to be true, so is talking about it everywhere immediately.
Badiuzzaman, an Islamic scholar, expresses that issue as follows: It is your right that all that you say should be true, but not that you should say all that is true (5)
In the verse that we mentioned above, there is a warning which concerns the work of journalists. (6) Reporting news which could possibly be a state secret would be attractive in terms of journalism. However, if reporting that piece of news is likely to help the enemies, then reporting it will not be convenient. Moreover, reporting news that has not been confirmed yet as if it is true is not only violating human rights, but also causing some sort of disturbance in the community. Let us listen to this verse: O you who believe! If a wicked person comes to you with any news, ascertain the truth, lest you harm people unwittingly and afterwards become full of repentance for what ye have done. (al-Hujurat, 6)
4. Being Acquainted with the Rules of War
Allahs Messenger (PBUH) states: War deceit.(7) That word of Allahs Messenger (PBUH) is understood by some people as any kind of lies, deceits and slanders are permissible in war. However, it is proved by the history that Allahs Messenger (PBUH) had never lied. (8) However, he applied battle tactics which could deceive enemies. For instance, he pretended to prepare a campaign towards somewhere and then suddenly attacked the planned destination; he made his companions make fires in ten thousand places at night before the conquest of Makkah. (9) Similarly, acting as if to be defeated and then surrounding the enemy, placing stove pipes as cannons on the castle embrasures and etc are some other examples of the expression War is deceit.. We can also add the permission of telling during war among those examples. (10)
5. Training People
The surest way to win a battle is to train people. A group of people with complete belief in Allah and with hearts full of bravery and with thoughts exalted ideals, and who are expert in their jobs is the strongest army in the world. Such a group gets victorious over crowded armies even if they are in small numbers. This verse How oft, by Allah's will, had a small force vanquished a big one (al-Baqara), 249) speaks of that truth. Today, what sustains the USA is a well-trained and educated small group.
The fact that Allahs Messenger (PBUH) challenged the whole world with forty men and gained a victory lasting the end shows the importance of training people.
1-Tirmizi, Jihad, 17; Abu Dawud, Jihad, 68; Ibnu Majah, Jihad, 18
2-Ibnu Hishm, IV, 159
3-See. Baydawi, I, 227
4-Ajluni, II, 113
5-Nursi, Letters, p. 265
6-Yazır, II, 1403
7-Muslim, Jihad, 17; Tirmizi, Jihad, 5
8-Hamidullah, The Prophet of Islam, II, 1039; Ahmet Çelebi, War and Battle Politics in the View of Islamic Thought, Translator Abdullah Kahraman, Iz Pub., Ist.,1994, p.98; Zuhayli, p.,57-60
10-Ibnu Hanbal, VI, 454
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