Islam abolished the differences of class, inequality, privileges and superiority of races that were seen in almost every age among people and brought the principle that there were no differences among people in terms of origin.


The following is stated in the Quran:



O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a female.”  (al-Hujurat, 13).



 



Hazrat Anas, one of the prominent Companions, praised someone while talking about him in the presence of the Messenger of Allah.



The Messenger of Allah:



– How is his mind?



Hazrat Anas:



– O Messenger of Allah! His worship, ethics, virtues and respect are very good. The Messenger of Allah said:



– How is his mind? Hazrat Anas said:



– O Messenger of Allah! We are mentioning the worship, virtues and charities of this man but you are asking about his mind. Then, the Messenger of Allah said:



– A stupid worshipper can be deceived by the devil due to his ignorance and may commit more sins than a flagrant sinner. People’s closeness to Allah is in accordance with their minds.”



That hadith reported in the book of Mawardi called Adabu’d-Dunya wad-Din is very significant and exemplary in that it shows the importance given to the mind in Islam.



 



Our Prophet stated the following:



“Human beings are sons of Adam. Allah created Adam out of the dust of the earth.” (Abu Dawud; Tirmidhi)



With this principle, Islam points out that all human beings are brothers coming from the same parents and that nobody can claim superiority over others by birth. 



Islam accepts humans equal before the law like the teeth of a comb. It does not give any importance to the difference of race, color and language; Islam states that what makes man valuable and what makes him superior to others is the fear of Allah in his heart and the level of his belief. Islam informs us that this superiority will be evident in the hereafter and that it is not a means of privilege in this world. Our Prophet explains the issue by stating the following:



“O people! Behold! Your Lord is one and your father is one. There is no superiority for an Arab over a non-Arab and for a non-Arab over an Arab, nor for the white over the black nor for the black over the white except in God-consciousness.”



Thus, our religion regards everybody equal in terms of law, does not give importance to the worldly superiority and temporary titles among people; it gives importance to inner appearance rather than outward appearance. 



 



“Abdullah b. Amr used to fast during the day and read the whole Quran during the night. He used to neglect his wife and relatives. His wife complained to her father-in-law about him. Her father-in-law informed the Messenger of Allah about it.  Our Prophet summoned Abdullah and searched the matter himself. Then he advised Abdullah as follows:



– No doubt, your body has a right on you, and your wife has a right on you, and your guest has a right on you. (Then, give them their due!)”       (Muslim, Bukhari)

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