How did it occur that spirits promised to Allah (SWT) in pre-eternity? Is it something symbolic?
Saying that The Misak (Promise) (1) is a divine guidance through representation and metaphor, some interpreters say as follows, This is a metaphor. That human beings have been created in a way to be able to know about dominicality of Allah (SWT), in one respect, has been regarded as if they did really witness such an event.
Most of the Quran annotators are of the opinion that both divine speech and the answers that spirits gave had truly happened and not a symbolic one. Mehmed Vehbi, one of the outstanding annotators of the Quran, expresses this opinion as follows: Even though it is probable for them to answer with the manner-tongue without giving mind and life, the more probable one is that He gave mind, life, and speech, and showed the proofs to be reminiscent of his Creativity and Dominicality They answered the question with a speech by comprehending it.
We do need to indicate a point. Some verses include the event of The Promise. If one person cannot grasp the event of The Promise in its full sense, he may accept that this is a metaphor by agreeing on the opinions of the scholars who are fewer in this respect. Thus, he may save himself from the scruples of the Satan and would not give opportunity to his evil-self to speak tactlessly. To deny the verses completely is one thing, and to ignore one of the interpretations by adopting one of them is quite another thing.
(1) According to the Islamic terminology, this term refers to an event which is as follows: In pre-eternity, before anything was created, Allah (SWT) gathered the human spirits in His presence and asked them, Am I not your Lord, and all of the spirits replied, Yes, You are our Lord, henceforward, human beings have taken the responsibility and accepted the testing on earth.
- What does Mithaq, that is the ‘covenant’ in qalu bala, mean? Why do we not remember the promise we made in the realm of the souls? Will it make us free of responsibility not to remember that promise?
- Why do we not remember the pact (the promise that all the souls gave to God when they had been asked “am I not your Lord?”)?
- Were all souls created at the same time or at different times? Do souls have genders?
- Attributes necessary to be present in Prophets
- Although God is present everywhere, what does it mean to return to Him?
- What does Qalu Bala mean and Since when have we been Muslims?
- How should we understand the statement, "Allah is not anywhere and He is everywhere"? They say, "Allah is very close to us and we are far away from Him." How is it possible?
- What offers did the polytheists make in order to make the Prophet (pbuh) abandon his cause?
- What did the Qurayshi polytheists do in order to be able to take back the Muslims who migrated to Abyssinia? How did the king of Abyssinia answer this demand of the polytheists'?
- 3. Surah Aal-e-Imran (159- 200)