Haritha bin Numan (r.a.)

One of the heroic and generous students of the Messenger of Allah educated by him was Haritha bin Numan.

Haritha bin Numan was a hero that could sacrifice all of his wealth and his life for the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) without any doubt and hesitation. When the news that the Muslims had been defeated spread during the Battle of Hunayn and a dangerous moment started, he never left the Messenger of Allah and used his body as a shield for him bravely.

After staying in Suffa School for a while, he married but he still wanted to be a neighbor of the Prophet very much. Finally, he became a neighbor of the Prophet.  When the phrase “the neighbor of the Messenger of Allah” was used in Madinah, Haritha bin Numan would come to mind.

Pointing out this issue, Ibn Sa’d states that Hz. Haritha had a house close to the house of the Prophet and that when it was necessary, Haritha evacuated his house and lent it to the Messenger of Allah. [1]

Hz. Haritha, who often lent his house to the Messenger of Allah, built one more house so as not to be away from him. After living there for a while, he donated it to Hz. Ali and Hz. Fatima.

As it is known, the Prophet remained in the house of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari for about a year after coming to Madinah. Then, he moved to his own house. When Hz. Ali married Hz. Fatima, the Messenger of Allah ordered him to find a house. Hz. Ali started to look for a house but he could not find one near the house of the Prophet. He found a house in a far place in Madinah. They lived there for a while.

Once, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) went to visit them. He said, “I want you to live near my house. Hz. Fatima said, “Dad! If you speak to Haritha, he may evacuate the house near your house for us. The Messenger of Allah said to Fatima, “My dear daughter! Haritha gave us one house; I cannot ask another one.”

Hz. Haritha was informed about it somehow. Thereupon, he went to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) and said, “O Messenger of Allah! I have heard that Fatima needed a house near yours. I have evacuated my house, which is one of the strongest houses of Sons of Najjar; tell them to come and live there. I and my wealth belong to Allah and His Messenger. I swear that what you take from me is more valuable than what you leave to me.”

Upon this sincere statement of Haritha, the Prophet (pbuh) said,

“O Haritha! You are telling the truth. May Allah’s blessing be on you!”[2]

Afterwards, Hz. Ali and Hz. Fatima moved to Haritha’s house.

It is narrated that Hz. Haritha also gave a house to Mariya, a wife of the Prophet. Besides, it is also stated that when Hz. Abu Bakr’s son, Abdullah migrated to Madinah with his family, they stayed in the house of Haritha.

This generosity of Haritha bin Numan continued after he lost his eyesight toward the end of his life. Hz. Haritha put a basket full of dates in front of his house and enabled the poor to take dates from it when they needed. [3]

Hz. Haritha states that he saw Hz. Jibril twice. According to the narration of Ibn Abbas, the following incident took place between the Prophet and Haritha related to Jibril:

Once, Hz. Haritha entered into the presence of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) and did not greet him thinking that he was talking to somebody secretly. Then, Jibril asked the Messenger of Allah, “Why did he not greet you?” The Prophet asked Haritha, “Why did you not greet when you arrived? Haritha said, “I saw you speaking to somebody; I did not greet so as not to interrupt you.”

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “Did you see him?” Haritha said, “Yes.” The Prophet said, “He was Jibril.” Jibril said, “If he had greeted us, I would have answered his greeting.” Then, he said, “He is from 80’s. When the Messenger of Allah asked who 80’s were, Jibril said,

“They are those who gather around you and show patience without being shaken by referring their lives, children and sustenance when people ran away in different directions.” [4]

With this statement, Jibril pointed to the Companions who did not leave the Prophet alone in Hunayn. Hz. Haritha was also there.

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “I heard a voice reciting the Quran in Paradise.” I asked, ‘Whose voice is it?’ They said, ‘It is Haritha bin Numan’s recital.’” As it is stated in the hadith above, Hz. Haritha, who received great praise and compliment from the Prophet, spent all of his life to serve Islam and died during the caliphate of Muawiyah.

May Allah be pleased with him!

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[1]Tabaqat, 3: 448.
[2]ibid, 8: 22-23.
[3]Hilyatul-Awliya, 1: 356. 4.Usdul-Ghaba, 1: 359.
[4]ibid

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