Fiqh decree on abandoning prayers
Fiqh decree on abandoning prayers
Before reporting the decree on abandoning prayers, we want to remind you something again: “Our aim is not to frighten but to endear; it is not to make you move away but to approach; it is not to make things difficult but to make easy.”
However, our intention of endearing, making you approach and making things easy must not make us conceal and hide the truth. Then, we will be held responsible by Allah and be regarded among "those who conceal what they know"; we take refuge in Allah to be among this group.
If those concealed fiqh decrees were conveyed to people, those who did not perform prayers would find out what a great sin they were committing and would repent of abandoning prayers. We want to be freed of this responsibility by reporting the fiqh decree on this major sin. Thus, we will not be sued because of it in the hereafter and we will be able to have an excuse.
After this short explanation, let us see the decree on abandoning prayers:
A person who does not perform prayers because he despises prayers and because he does not care prayers exits Islam and becomes an unbeliever according to the unanimous view of Islamic scholars. There is no disagreement among the scholars that a person who abandons prayers because of despising will become an unbeliever.
By the way, let us explain what to become an unbeliever means. It means to exit Islam and to lose the attribute of being a Muslim. That is, such a person cannot marry a Muslim; the meat of the animal that he slaughters cannot be eaten by Muslims; he is not washed like a Muslim when he dies; his janazah prayer is not performed; he enters Hell and stays there; he is never allowed to go to Paradise. That is, this person is an unbeliever in the eye of the Shari'ah. His statement, "I am a Muslim" will not be of any use to him.
It means a person who does not perform prayers because he despises prayers is an unbeliever. He needs to repent and utter kalima ash-shahadah in order to become a Muslim again.
We are reporting this fatwa and the fiqh decree, which makes the soul very angry, so that a person who does not perform prayers because he despises prayers will come to his senses, repent and become a believer again!..
Thus, we learned the decree on not performing prayers because of despising and not caring prayers. Now, let us see the decree on not performing prayers because of laziness:
There are two different views on not performing prayers because of laziness despite believing in its value and importance. The first view is the view of Hanafis, Malikis and Shafiis; according to these three madhhabs, a person who does not perform prayers because of laziness despite believing in its value and importance commits a major crime but he is regarded as a Muslim.
Abandoning prayers does not make him exit religion. Such a person becomes a sinner and he does not become an unbeliever because of abandoning prayers.
According to Hanbali madhhab, a person who does not perform prayers becomes an unbeliever. According to Hanbali madhhab, a person who does not perform even only one prayer without any excuse becomes an unbeliever. The decrees that are applied for the ones who exit the religion of Islam are applied for that person. When he dies, he is not washed; his dead body is not enshrouded and his janazah prayer is not performed. A hole is dug; then, his dead body is put into that hole and covered with soil.
The view of Hanbali madhhab that a person who does not perform prayers exits the religion of Islam and becomes an unbeliever is also the view of many Companions. The notable Companions like Hz. Umar, Abdurrahman bin Awf, Muadh bin Jabal, Abu Hurayra, Ibn Mas’ud, Ibn Abbas, Jabir Ibn Abdullah, Abu’d Darda (may Allah be pleased with them) and many Islamic scholars like Ishaq b. Rahuya, Abdullah bin al-Mubarak, Ibrahim an-Nahai, Hakam bin Utayba hold the view of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal that those who do not perform prayers exit the religion of Islam and become unbelievers.
That is, thedecree on abandoning prayers is as follows: A person who does not perform prayers by despising and not caring unanimously becomes an unbeliever. He will stay in hell forever and Paradise becomes haram for him. The situation of a person who does not perform prayers without despising (due to laziness, etc) is controversial. According to three madhhabs, such a person commits a major sin but he is still a believer. According to Hanbali madhhab, such a person exits the religion of Islam and becomes an unbeliever. Many Companions and scholars whose names we have mentioned above also hold the view of Ahmad Ibn Hanbal.
O he who does not perform prayers! Will you still insist on abandoning prayers after hearing all this? Or, will you repent and start performing prayers at once? Choose the second option, repent to Allah and start performing prayers. Otherwise, you will be so regretful when death suddenly comes that you cannot imagine.
Never say, “I am like the other people. I am not the only one who does not perform prayers. If there is punishment for it, the other people will be punished, too.”
Do not speak like that because people will accompany you only as far as the grave. Nobody can help you when you are in the grave. Consoling yourself with the misfortunes of the other people is not of any use in the grave and afterwards. That is, when you are tortured in the grave or in Hell, you cannot console yourself by looking at the others who are also tortured. Do not think that you are unattended and at liberty. If you view this guesthouse of the world wisely, you will see that nothing is irregular and purposeless; how can you be irregular and purposeless?
- Performing prayers is a great worship; therefore, it is a major sin to abandon performing prayers. Can a person who does not perform prayers be punished?
- Can a person who does not perform prayers go to Paradise directly? If he has not performed any prayers, will he perform them in the hereafter?
- Does a person who abandons prayers deliberately become an unbeliever? What is the decree about a person who does not perform prayers? Is a person who does not perform prayers punished?
- Is it not useless and impossible to kill an apostate (murtad)?
- Can you inform us about the Importance of Prayer by considering these two Hadiths?
- If a person exits the religion of Islam and becomes a murtad (apostate), and becomes a Muslim again, what will happen to his previous deeds?
- Some people claim that not performing prayers is shirk (polytheism) and unbelief. How true is their statement?
- Why do we follow a madhhab?
- Can qada (missed) prayers be performed instead of sunnah prayers? Can a person who has to perform qada prayers perform sunnah prayers?
- Is it permissible to call a sinner an unbeliever?