Expansion of the Universe

Think of a book that mentions about a fact that science was able to discover only 100 years ago more than 1.400 years ago. Think of a man that mentions about a fact that science was able to discover only recently more than1.400 years ago. Can anybody doubt that this book is a divine book and this person is an extraordinary person?

The Quran mentions more than 1.400 years ago that the universe is expanding. The following is stated in verse 47 of the chapter of adh-Dhariyat:“With the power and skill did We construct the Firmament: for it is We Who create the vastness of Space.” The Arabic phrase لَمُوسِعُونَ  إِنَّا means we are expanding it; the word مُوسِعُونَ is derived from the verb  أَوْسَعَ (to expand). The letter "lam" (l) at the beginning of this word is used to emphasize the noun or the adjective it precedes and it means a lot or very much. Accordingly, this phrase means:“We are expanding the universe a lot.”

After analyzing the verse of the Quran informing us about the expansion of the universe, we will examine what science says about it:

There was only one view that prevailed regarding the issue up to the beginning of the 20th century. This view stated that the universe had a static structure and that it has existed like that since the beginning of the universe. No scientist mentioned the expansion of the universe until the 20th century; let alone mentioning, nobody even imagined it.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Russian physicist Alexander Friedmann and Belgian cosmologist George Lemaitre calculated theoretically that the universe was moving continuously and expanding. This fact was proved through observation in 1929. While examining the sky through a giant telescope, the American astronomer, Edwin Hubble, discovered that stars and galaxies continuously moved away from one another. Stars and galaxies moved away not only from us but also from one another.  In the following years, it became certain through observations that the universe was expanding. A universe in which everything continuously moves away from one another means a universe that is continuously expanding.

In order to understand the expansion of the universe better, we can think as follows: Suppose that the universe is the surface of an inflated balloon. The points on the phone move away from one another; similarly, the objects in the universe move away from one another as the universe expands.

When this scientific fact was not known by anyone and when people thought the sun was as small as an apple, the Quran mentioned this fact centuries ago and it stated clearly that the universe was expanding.

This clearly proves that the Quran is Allah’s word. That a scientific fact which was discovered only in the 20th century existed in a book fourteen centuries ago and that this fact was informed by a person who could not read and write can be possible only through one of the following two ways:

1- A human being discovered this scientific fact on his own. 

2- This fact was expressed by Allah, who created the universe and is expanding it. The book in which this fact is written is the book of Allah. And the person who conveyed this message is His messenger. 

There is no other alternative and it is not possible to accept the second alternative. For, it is not possible for an illiterate person living in a period, fourteen centuries ago, when there were no telescopes to discover, on his own, a fact that could be discovered only through giant telescopes. Therefore, the greatest geniuses in the history of the world could not draw the model of the expanding universe despite their observations and scientific studies; they could not even imagine it.

Then, this information cannot be the word of an illiterate person who lived in the desert fourteen centuries ago, when there was no technology. The book that contains this information cannot have been written by him.

Then, there is only one alternative left: To accept the second option. That is, this information was given by Allah, who created the universe and is continuously expanding it and who sent this miraculous information to people through His messenger, Hz. Muhammad (pbuh). And the book that contains this information is His book.

If someone said, "He may have written in coincidentally. That is, the Quran is the word of a human and this human being wrote this fact in his book without being aware of it and mentioned the expansion of the universe."

We would say, "Millions of books have been written since that century; if it had been possible for a human being to write this fact coincidentally in his books, the same fact would have occurred in some other books coincidentally. However, it is just the opposite. This fact was not mentioned in any of the books written by human beings and even in the books of genius astronomers up to the 20th century. This fact was not thought about by anybody and it was not written in any books. Therefore, we cannot attribute the fact that this information was given by the Quran to coincidence. That is, it is impossible to say anything other than, “The Quran is the book of Allah.” Only one alternative is possible: The Quran is the book of Allah."

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