Can you explain the value attached by Islam to human rights?
In the religion of Islam, just like human life, the belief, integrity, independence, property, and honor of human beings are also under protection. This is because the peace and bliss of the human being in this world and the Hereafter are based on them.
It is a great sin in the presence of Allah not to comply with the material or spiritual rights of humans and it is left outside of Divine forgiving. In other words, those who infringe on a persons rights can only be forgiven by that person. As long as the person does not get his/her right or as long as he does not renounce his/her right, Allah does not forgive that sin. In Islam, everybody is responsible for respecting one others rights.
The human being is a creature who leads a social life. Therefore, among people there are innumerable social relations. They must be founded on rights and justice. Otherwise, there emerge violations of human rights and oppression.
The Quran protects the spiritual rights of the human being to such an extent that it forbids Believers from su-i zan (interpreting the behaviors of Believers as bad), from tajassus (inquiring about others mistakes) and from backbiting.
O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion, for some suspicion is a grave sin, and do not spy (on one another), nor backbite (against one another). Would any of you love to eat the flesh of his dead brother? (The Quran, Hujurat Surah, 12)
Now, let us think with conscience: Would a religion which forbids even backbiting and su-i zan by any means allow anarchy, terror, and unjust murder?