Al- Hakam (The Judge)
Al-Hakam: means the one that judges, the one that distinguishes between the truth and falsehood, the wrong and the true, the beautiful and the ugly.
Allah Almighty is Hakam in all of these senses. He makes judgments about everything and He applies His judgments fully. Nothing, no event can take place without His decree; there is no power that will invalidate, delay or prevent His decree.
Allah is Hakam. He judges justly. Hedistinguishes between the truth and falsehood, the wrong and the true, the beautiful and the ugly, the good and the bad. If it were not for the manifestation of this name of Allah Almighty, we would not be able to distinguish between these opposites; we would never know what is true and what is wrong, what is beautiful and what is ugly, what is good and what is bad.
Now, let us see some manifestations of the name Hakam:
The name Hakam became manifest in our Prophet (pbuh) in the widest sense; with the manifestation of this name, He differentiated between the truth and falsehood, the beautiful and the ugly, the good and the evil; he judged among people justly. All of the topics of the Sunnah and decrees occurred with the manifestation of the name al-Hakam.
The Quran is a large mirror of the name Hakam. The manifestation of the name al-Hakam is manifest in the true decrees that differentiate betweenthe truth and falsehood, the good and the bad, the beautiful and the ugly.
The name al-Hakam is also manifest in the Islamic Shari'ah and in all decrees of the Shari'ah. In fact, thanks to this manifestation, Islam judged among people with justice for 14 centuries and established justice by giving people their due.
The name al-Hakam is also manifest in all of the judges in the world who make judgments justly; they make correct decisions thanks to the manifestation of this name.
Real scholars like judges are a nice mirror of the name Hakam. Thanks to the manifestation of this name in them, they differentiate betweenthe wrong and the true, the truth and falsehood, the good and the evil, and show them to us. This name becomes manifest in such a large area that Allah's name Hakam is one of the six names that Hz. Ali regards to be ism al-azam (the greatest name of Allah) and one of the two names that Abu Hanifa regards to be ism al-azam.
The name Hakam becomes manifest in every event in the universe. For, every event takes place when Allah makes a judgment. In this sense, the name Hakam becomes manifest in every event, from the falling of a leaf to the hatching of a chick, from the breath we take in to a newborn baby, from the waves in the sea to the planets in the sky; in other words, they take all place as a result of the manifestation of the name Hakam.
Allah’s domination is valid even over the body of the unbeliever who denies Allah and rebels against Him; and the name Hakam becomes manifest in Him. The one that makes his heart function, his blood circulate, that feeds all of his cells, that gives color to all of his hair, in short, the one that dominates all actions in his body and applies them is Allah.
As the name al-Hakam becomes manifest in this world, it will also become manifest in the hereafter. Allah Almighty, who will gather all people in the Gathering Place, will judge among man with justice with the manifestation of the name al-Hakam and He will take the right of hornless sheep from the horned one and give it to the hornless one; with the manifestation of this name, He will differentiate between believers and unbelievers and He will send believers to Paradise and unbelievers to Hell. The reckoning in the hereafter will be carried out by the manifestation of the name al-Hakam and nobody will be oppressed at all.
What we need to learn from this name is as follows: A person who uses broken scales will weigh wrong even if he is the fairest person in the world. It is necessary to repair the scales first. Similarly, we, who believe in Allah’s name al-Hakam, need to follow the rules applied by the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) and abandon using the wrong scales of people; we should evaluate every issue in accordance with the Quran and Sunnah. We need to find solutions to our problems in the light of the Quran and Sunnah, which are the largest mirror of the name al-Hakam, and shiver due to the threat of the following verse:
“But no, by thy Lord, they can have no (real) Faith, until they make thee judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against thy decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction.” (an-Nisa 65)