Calamities that Befall Pharaoh

The Ipuwer papyrus that remained from the era of middle kingdom was founded at the beginning of 19th century. After being found in 1909, this papyrus was sent to Leiden Holland museum and translated by Gardiner. In this papyrus, calamities such as the draught, famine in Egypt are narrated as well as the escape of slaves. Besides, it is clearly understood that the author of this aforementioned papyrus, Ipuwer, is the eyewitness of these events.

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