What is the race of the prophet that Jews expected?

The Details of the Question

What is the race of the prophet that Jews expected?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The Jews in Madinah knew that a new prophet would come soon and that a new book that would approve the Torah, that is, that would be in compliance with the Torah in terms of oneness, the other basic issues of creed and the essential targets of the religion; they also knew that it would confirm the news given in the Torah about the last prophet  (Razi, III, 180); they believed that this prophet would eliminate idolatry, which was an enemy of Judaism too, hence it would strengthen the religion of Hz. Musa (Moses) and that they would be superior to the polytheists of Makkah thanks to it. (Ibn Atiyya, 1/178)

When the prophet and the book they had been expecting came, they were supposed to accept it before Arabs but they denied him because this prophet did not emerge from among Sons of Israel, but from among Arabs, contrary to what they had been expecting.

It is stated in the verse after it that one of the reasons why they denied the prophethood of Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) is racism:

"Miserable is the price for which they have sold their souls, in that they deny (the revelation) which Allah has sent down, in insolent envy that Allah of His Grace should send it to any of His servants He pleases: Thus have they drawn on themselves Wrath upon Wrath. And humiliating is the punishment of those who reject Faith." (al-Baqara, 2/90)

The claim that “the prophet that they expected was only Masih” is not true. Even if it is true, it is impossible to show a document that will prove that what they meant by Masih was Hz. Isa (Jesus). Besides, when the Masih they expected came as Jesus, they said he was a liar and that he was an illegitimate child; the whole world knows that they tried to kill him.

Those who are mentioned in the verse and who often said, “Let those idolaters dominate a bit more; when the prophet comes, we will beat them” were the Jews in Madinah, who lived in the period when the religion of Islam emerged. Since they were waiting for a prophet though they lived six hundred years after Jesus, it is clear that the prophet they were waiting – no matter what his name is – was Hz. Muhammad (pbuh), the prophet of the end of time.

According to the information given in resources based on the scholars like Abdullah b. Abbas, Qatada and Suddi, when the Jews of Qurayza and Sons of Nadr living in Madinah argued with the Arab tribes of Aws and Khazraj, who were polytheists, before the Prophet (pbuh) came, they would say, “The time for the prophet that will come and approve what we say has approached; his shadow is upon us. We will kill you like the tribes of Ad and Iram together with him. (see Tabari, Razi, Abus-Suud, Alusi, Elmalılı, the interpretation of the relevant verse)

They sometimes prayed as follows: “O Allah!  Help us for the sake of the prophet of the end of time, whose qualities / characteristics are written in the Torah!” (see ibid) The Quran reminds them of those statements.

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