What does the sentence "Love your neighbor as you love yourself" mean to you? Can you explain it from the Islamic point of view?
Submitted by on Fri, 18/03/2011 - 12:42
Dear Brother / Sister,
Our neighbors constitute our closest social environment after our family. The conditions on our good and bad days make it necessary to be in contact with our closest environment. Solidarity in hard times and mutual visits in good times are what being good neighbors necessitates.
Hazrat Prophet said, "Jibril (Gabriel) always advised me to treat my neighbors well. I thought Allah would make neighbors inherit each other due to his continuous advice." (Bukhari, Adab, 28; Muslim, Birr wa Sila, 140: 141; Tirmidhi, Birr, 28; Ibn Majah, Adab, 4).
When a Companion asked the Prophet (pbuh) what rights his neighbor had on him, he answered as follows: "If he gets ill, you should visit him; if he dies, you should bury him. If he asks some money from you, you should lend him. If he is in trouble, you should help him. If he suffers a misfortune, you should console him. Do not build the roof of your house higher than his so that you will not prevent the wind. If he knows what you have cooked, you should give some to him, too. “(Y.Kandahlawi, Hayatu`s-Sahaba, III, 1068).
As for the duties that we should fulfill in the light of the hadith above,
1) We should speak softly to and smile at them; we should not neglect to greet them when we meet, to ask about their health and share their joy and grief.
2) Among the duties of neighborliness are to visit them when they are fine and ill, when they are happy and sorry, and on wedding ceremonies, feast days; to condole with them when someone from their family dies, to support them, to help them in the funeral, to accept their invitation when they invite, to love their children as if they are our own children and to protect them.
3) The Prophet said, "He who believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment should help his neighbor." (Bukhari, Adab, 31; Muslim, Iman, 74, 76, 77; Ibn Majah, Adab, 4; Darimi, At`ima, 11). "The best friend in the sight of Allah is the one who treats his friend well and the best neighbor in the sight of Allah is the one who treats his neighbor well." (Bukhari, Iman, 31; Tirmidhi, Birr, 28)
4) To give something to eat to our neighbors is one of our moral duties. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “He who believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment should give something to eat to his neighbors. (Bukhari, Adab, 31; Muslim, Iman, 74, 76, 77; Ibn Majah, Adab, 4) The Prophet also said, "O Abu Zarr! When you make soup, add some more water and give some to your neighbors, too." He said, "He who sleeps on a full stomach while his neighbor is hungry is not one of us." Muslim, Iman, 74, Birr wa Sila, 142; Ahmad b. Hanbal, 1, 55)
5) It is the duty of a Muslim to help the poor and needy neighbors, to give them some money if it is necessary, to lend them money, to find jobs for them if they can work. It is also a nice act to do the chores for lonely and old neighbors. (see Abu Dawud, Zakah, 25; Malik, Muwatta, Zakah, 29; Ahmad b. Hanbal, Musnad, III, 31, 40)
6) Among the duties of a neighbor are not to inquire pryingly, not to disclose their sins and faults, to forgive them if they have acted or spoken badly toward us and to guide them in the worldly and otherworldly affairs. It is forbidden in the Quran to spy on others and to disclose the hidden aspects of others. (al-Hujurat, 49/12).
7) It is necessary not to do evil to and to harm neighbors. The Prophet emphasized the importance of the issue by saying, "A person whose neighbor does not feel safe from his evil is not regarded to have believed" (Bukhari, Adab, 29; Muslim, Iman, 73; Tirmidhi, Qiyama, 60) and "A person who believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment should not oppress his neighbor." (Muslim, Iman, 73, 75)
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