Is there a rule meaning, "There is no questioning in religion" in Islam?
Submitted by on Mon, 08/11/2010 - 12:55
Dear Brother / Sister,
The Shari’ah has two kinds of decrees.
1. The rules that are based completely on the decrees and prohibitions from Allah; we call them “taabbudi”, that is to say, their reasons (wisdoms) are not known.
2. The part whose reasons lay on the divine decrees and prohibitions that may be searched about; we call them “maqulul mana”.
Let us look at your question from a different point of view. Why is the morning prayer 4 rakats but not 10 or 20 rakats? The answer is because Allah commanded us to do so. The noon prayer was determined by Allah as 10 rakats. To search the wisdom (reason) of it shall turn out to be unsuccessful. The real answer to the question is because Allah commanded so. However, some Shariah rules may be explained with wisdom, but they are not the real reasons. The actual reason is Allah’s command and prohibition.
For example, why did Allah command the salah (prayer)? One can list the wisdoms and purposes of it in volumes of books. One can answer why we fast by searching its wisdom and reasons. However, reasons (wisdoms) and benefits cannot replace Allah’s decrees. For example, one of the reasons of fasting is to empathize with people who suffer hunger and approach them with compassion.
So, a person can say “I will experience more hunger so that my feeling of compassion can be increased and I can help the poor much more.” Although the time of imsak (the time to begin fasting) is at 4.00 a.m., if one intends to start fasting at 11 o’clock at night, but if that person breaks his fast 5 minutes before iftar (the time for breaking fast at sunset), can his/her fast be acceptable? Certainly not. There is a determined time to break the fast, and although that person stays hungry longer, his/her fast is not accepted. That is to say, the wisdom required for fasting is applied (by staying hungry), but because of breaking the fast at a time that Allah does not permit, his/her fast is invalidated.
Thus, we should look at the all of the decrees and prohibitions in this way. That is to say, we act like that because Allah ordered us to do so or prohibited us from doing so. Certainly, there may be reasons of it, too. And these reasons can be searched. It is also knowledge and worship. However, wisdoms and benefits are definitely not the actual reasons, but details.
Questions on Islam
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