How should we understand the phrase, "If thou wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee..." mentioned in verse 94 of the chapter of Yunus?

The Details of the Question

Allah states the following in verse 94 of the chapter of Yunus: "If thou wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee: the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord: so be in no wise of those in doubt." Why does Allah order to ask the People of the Book though the other books were distorted?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

"If thou wert in doubt as to what We have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee: the Truth hath indeed come to thee from thy Lord: so be in no wise of those in doubt. Nor be of those who reject the signs of Allah, or thou shalt be of those who perish." (Yunus, 10/94, 95)

The Quran states that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) is mentioned in the Torah and the Gospel (Bible). It states that the People of the Book know him as they know their own children. What is meant by that verse is to confirm the information about the trueness of the Quran and the prophethood of Muhammad (pbuh). That is,

“It is not possible but if you have a doubt that they have this knowledge, what a person who has a doubt needs to do is to seek evidence and to talk to scholars. Do the same thing. Ask the scholars of the People of the Book because they have enough knowledge regarding the issue.”

Then, what is meant by this verse

“is to state how well Jewish scholars know the prophethood of Hz. Muhammad (pbuh), not to state that the Prophet has some doubts.”

For, they are aware of your qualifications in the Torah and the Gospel about you. They know that you are the last prophet and the savior, that those who believe in you will attain salvation and that those who do not will be destroyed. Although the other books are distorted, they include some true information.

In fact, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) never doubts that he is a prophet and that revelation is sent down to him by Allah. The reason why the statement is used in the verse like that is a property of Arabic. It is possible to give the following example regarding the issue:

If somebody wanted his son not to do a certain thing by any means, he would say, "Never do that thing if you are my son." This expression does not indicate that the father doubts whether the boy is his real son. This is a special expression and it expresses confirmation. It means, "Never do that thing." The statement in the verse resembles this expression.

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