Are there any hadiths about reading the chapter of al-Ikhlas one thousand times on the day of arafah (one day before eid al-adha)?

Details of the Question

Are there any hadiths about reading the chapter of al-Ikhlas one thousand times on the day of arafah (one day before eid al-adha)?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

There are hadiths regarding the virtue of reading the chapter of al-Ikhlas (1); there are also hadiths about reading it 1000 times:

"If a person who reads the chapter starting with ‘Qulhuwallahu ahad’, he will buy his soul from Allah." (2)

"If a person who reads the chapter starting with ‘Qulhuwallahu ahad’ on the day of arafah, Allah will give him what he wants." (3)

Therefore, to read the chapter of al-Ikhlas on the day of arafah became a custom coming from salaf as-salihin (righteous people of the first periods of Islam). Badiuzzaman Said Nursi pointed to this custom by saying,

“Reading the chapter of al-Ikhlas repeatedly on the day of arafah based on a nice custom of Islam one hundred times..”(4)

He stated that this number is one thousand using the following words:

“We used to read the chapter of al-Ikhlas one thousand times in my hometown on the day of arafah.”(5)

There are many hadiths about repeating some dhikrs by pronouncing some numbers. For instance,

Hz. Aisha narrates:

When the Prophet (pbuh) got up for tahajjud prayer at night, he would start by uttering takbir (Allahu akbar) ten times, tahmid (alhamdulillah) ten times, tasbih (subhanallah) ten times, tahlil (la ilaha illallah) ten times and istighfar (astaghfirullah) ten times. After that, he would read the following supplication ten times: “O Allah! Forgive me! Make me steadfast on the true path and give me sustenance. Then, he would read the following supplication: “O Allah! I take refuge in you from having trouble on Day of Reckoning.” (6)

“If a person sends salawat to me once, Allah will give him ten rewards.” In another narration, Abdullah b. Amr b. As said, “If a person sends salawat to the Messenger of Allah once, Allah and His angels say salawat for him seventy times. (Allah has mercy on him; angels ask forgiveness and pray for him.)” (7)

Besides, it is asked in various sahih hadiths to read the chapter of al-Fatiha seven times - for healing - , to utter tasbihat thirty-three times, etc.  

Footnotes:

1) see Tirmidhi, Fadailu’l-Qur’an, 11; Musnad, 3:437, 5:141; Darimi, Fadailu’l-Qur’an, 24; Suyuti, al-Fathu’l-Kabir, 3/227; Bayhaqi, Shuabu’l-Iman, 2/506-508.
2) Suyuti, al-Fathu’l-Kabir, 3/227; Munawi, Faydu’l-Qadir, 6/203 hadith no: 8953.
3) see Munawi, Munawi, Faydu’l-Qadir, explanation of the hadith 6/203
4) Mektubat, Yirmi Beşinci Mektup Dokuzuncu Mesele.
5) Şualar (13. Şua-s.299)
6) This hadith reported by Abu Dawud, Ahmad b. Hanbal and Tabarani is regarded as sahih. see Majmau’z-Zawaid, 2/263.
7) These narrations of Ahmad b. Hanbal are sahih. see Majmau’z-Zawaid, 10/160.

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