What is Prophethood?
Prophets are distinguished people that Allah chooses among people. They inform people about His religion, that is, His commands and prohibitions. They give the glad tidings of reward both in the world and hereafter to those who believe and do good deeds; they warn unbelievers who do bad deeds of torture of hell…
The following is stated in the Quran:
“We send the Messengers only to give good news and to warn: so those who believe and mend (their lives)”.1
Prophets are distinguished slaves of Allah. A person cannot be a prophet by working, trying hard and asking. Prophethood is an endowment of Allah.
Prophets are the leaders of the humankind. We are ordered in the Quran to accept them as models, to tread in their footsteps and to resemble them since they are in the highest level of servitude to Allah, away from acting in accordance with the desires of their souls and from committing sins:
“Those were the (prophets) who received Allah's guidance: Follow the guidance they received.”2
“Ye have indeed in the Messenger of Allah a beautiful pattern (of conduct) for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Final Day, and who engages much in the praise of Allah.”3
In this dua (prayer), which Muslims recite in every salah (prayer),
“Show us the straight way. The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace”, ‘prophets’ are in the first place among those that have been bestowed grace. Muslims accept prophets as models and follow their guidance.
Prophets were chosen among human beings not among other beings because of being accepted as models.
It is clear that the one that can serve as the best model for human beings can only be a human being.
1 al-An’am, 48
2 al-An’am, 90
3 al-Ahzab, 21