What is the meaning of Dua Supplication, and what wisdom does it have?

Supplication means to beseech, cry to, and invoke. It is used to call out to God. Humans get closer to God through supplications and find peace and comfort.

Supplication is the spirit of worship and the result of sincere belief. For one who makes supplication shows through it that there is someone who rules the whole universe; One Who knows the most insignificant things about me, can bring about my most distant aims. Who sees every circumstance of mine, and hears my voice. In which case, He hears all the voices of all beings, so that He hears my voice too. He does all these things, and so I await my smallest matters from Him too. I ask Him for them.

Thus, look at the great breadth of sincere belief in God's Unity which supplication gives and at the sweetness and purity of the light of belief that it shows. Understand the meaning of the verse, Say, No importance would your Sustainer attach to you were it not for your supplication; (Al-Furqan Surah, 25:77) listen to the decree of, And your Sustainer says: Call on Me; I shall answer you: (Al-Mumin Surah, 40:60) As the saying goes: "If I had not wanted to give, I would not have given wanting." (1)

That is to say, if God had not given what we want with our supplications, He would not have given the feeling of wanting. We are experiencing the blessing of changing seasons in which God gives the opportunity for us to benefit from the van-loaded provisions available in the springtime. Compassionate and Merciful God will indeed give what we want with our supplications. As He fulfills our physical needs, He will bestow the reward of eternity, which is the desire of our souls and grant us Paradise.

The best, finest, sweetest, most fruit and result of supplica¬tion is this, that the person who offers it knows there is someone who lis¬tens to his voice, sends a remedy for his ailment, takes pity on him, and whose hand of power reaches everything. He is not alone in this great hostel of the world; there is an All-Generous One Who looks after him and makes it friendly. Imagining himself in the presence of-the One Who can bring about all his needs and repulse all his innumerable enemies, he feels a joy and relief; he casts off a load as heavy as the world, and exclaims: "AH praise be to God, the Sustainer of All the Worlds!" (2)

Supplication is an act of worship. There are so many verses and Hadiths on this. Some of those are:

And when (O Messenger) My servants ask you about Me, then surely I am near: I answer the prayer of the suppliant when he prays to Me. So let them respond to My call (without hesitation), and believe and trust in Me (in the way required of them), so that they may be guided to spiritual and intellectual excellence and right conduct. (Al Baqarah Surah, 2:186) Say: "My Lord would not care for you were it not for your prayer. Now that you have denied (His Message), the inescapable punishment will cleave to you." (Al-Furqan Surah, 25:77)

Narrated An-Nu'man ibn Bashir: The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Supplication (du'a') is itself the worship. (He then recited:) "And your Lord said: Call on Me, I will answer you" (Al-Mumin Surah, 40:60) (3)

In addition, supplicating is the easiest and one of the most pious acts of all. Because, it can be done easily, abluted or not, while sitting or lying down, while walking around or even working. As because he/she commemorates Gods name all the time, the doors of benefactions will be opened for him/her and As a matter of fact, in a hadith narrated by Ibn Omar, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, "For any one among you, if the door of acceptance of du`a is opened, then the doors of His Mercy are also opened. The best du`a Allah likes is the one in which the caller asks for the goodness of this world and the goodness of the next world." (4)

Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah, (peace be upon him) said, When it is the last third of the night, our Lord, the Blessed, the Superior, descends every night to the heaven of the world and says, 'Is there anyone who supplicates Me (demand anything from Me), that I may respond to his supplication; Is there anyone who asks Me for something that I may give (it to) him; Is there anyone who asks My forgiveness that I may forgive him?' (5)

Bediuzzamans ascertainments on the matter of supplication are very important:

Also, supplication is a form of worship and recognition of man's servitude to God. The fruits of this pertain to the hereafter. The aims pertaining to this world are the times of a particular sort of supplication and worship. For example, the prayers and supplications for rain are a form of worship. Drought is the time for such worship. Worship and supplications of this sort are not in order to bring rain. If they are performed with that intention alone they are not worthy of acceptance, for they are not sincere worship. Sunset is the time of the evening prayers. And eclipses of the sun and moon are the times of two particular prayers known as salat-i kusuf and salat-i khusuf. That is to say, with the veiling of the two luminous signs of the night and day, God's tremendousness is proclaimed, so Almighty God calls his servants to a sort of worship at those times. The prayers are not so that the sun and moon will be revealed (whose appearance and how long the eclipses will continue have anyway been reckoned by astronomers).

In just the same way, drought is the time for the prayers for rain. And the visitation of calamities and infliction of harmful things the times of certain supplications when man realizes his impotence and through his supplication and entreaty seeks refuge at the Court of One Possessing Absolute Power. Even if the calamities are not lifted despite many supplications, it may not be said that they were not accepted. It should rather be said that the time for the supplication is not yet over. If through His graciousness and munificence Almighty God removes the calamity, light upon light, then the time for that supplication is over and done with. That is to say, supplication has the meaning of worship and man's acknowledging his servitude to God.As for worship and servitude to God, it should be purely and sincerely for God's sake. Man should only proclaim his impotence and seek refuge with Him through supplication, he should not interfere in His Dominicality. He should leave the taking of measures to Him and rely on His wisdom. He should not accuse His Mercy. Indeed, what is in reality established by the Qur'an's clear verses is that just as all beings offer their own particular glorification and worship, so too what rises to the Divine Court from all the universe is supplication. This is either through the tongue of innate ability like the supplication of all plants and animals by which each, through this tongue, seeks a form from the Absolute Bestower and to display and manifest His Names. Or it is through the tongue of innate need. These are the supplications for all their essential needs -beyond their power to obtain -offered by all animate beings. Through this tongue, each animate being seeks certain things from the Absolutely Generous One for the continuance of its life, like a sort of sustenance. Or it is supplication through the tongue of exigency, through which all beings with spirits who find themselves in some plight or predicament make supplication and seek urgent refuge with an unknown protector; indeed, they turn to the All-Compassionate Sustainer. If there is nothing to prevent it, these three sorts of supplication are always accepted. (6)


Sources:
1.Risale-i Nur Collection, (Letters, 24. Letter)
2. Risale-i Nur Collection, (Letters, 24. Letter)
3. Tirmidhi, , Abu Davud
4. Tirmidhi, Daawat 112, (3542).
5. Bukhari, Tawhid 35, Tahajjud 14, Daawat 13
6. Risale-i Nur Collection, (Words, 23. Word)

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