Most Read in the Category of Paradise

1-) What are the characteristics of paradise life? Is eternal life not boring even if it is in paradise?

It would be a mistake for us to evaluate the life in Paradise by comparing it to life on Earth. In Paradise, human beings will be freed from all kinds of boredom and all characteristics which cause boredom. As the boons of Heaven are infinite and as one moment of us will be better than the previous one in Paradise, there will not be any boredom and routine there.

Moreover, one’s position will not be stable in Paradise and it will be promoted constantly and eventually the amount of joy one feels will not remain the same and it will increase gradually. For this reason, there will not be boredom in the form of a vicious cycle in Paradise.

Anything wished for comes true in Paradise

Everything existing in the universe reflects Allah’s infinite might and power. Allah creates everything in accordance with a law as a requirement of testing on earth and presents everything within a cause and effect relationship so that human mind can perceive. For this reason, when people see a fruit, they do not doubt that it is a fruit borne by a tree which grew from a seed. Of course, that is the cause of the fruit on earth according to the law of Allah, and it should be kept in mind that Allah can also create the whole universe independent from causes. Allah is the one who creates anything He wishes in any form and any time, whose creation is unique and who is not in need of anything. In this sense, there is no need for any causes, means or steps for Allah to create.

The fact that everything in the world is based on certain causes and natural laws must not deceive people. Allah, as the Creator of all these causes and laws, is free of all of them. In this sense, as there will not be creation based on causes in Paradise, a fruit taken off from a tree will be replaced by a new one right away and there will not be any diminution.

It is Allah who creates both causes and effects. For instance, when we look at the shadow of a tree, we have the knowledge that the reason of this shadow is the reflection angle of the sunlight. Shadow is an effect of the Sun; however, what makes the Sun to cause shadow is Allah. This occurrence is stated in a Quranic verse as follows:

Have you not turned your vision to your Lord?- How He does prolong the shadow! If He willed, He could make it stationary! Then do We make the sun its guide; then We draw it in towards Ourselves,- a contraction by easy stages.” (al-Furqan, 45-46)

“… Allah well-pleased with them, and they with Allah: That is the great salvation, (the fulfillment of all desires).” (al-Maidah,119).

It is an art of Allah to create everything on earth within a cause and effect relationship in this way and these manifestations of our Lord’s are infinite. Allah can create everything at any time He wishes and in any form He wishes, and He can turn them into any form He wishes. Allah, who created the universe out of nothing, will abolish all of the laws and causes which we try to comprehend on earth when He wishes. Righteous Muslims will be able to ask for anything that comes into their minds and anything they like, and as soon as they ask for, they will have them with the permission of Allah. Their physical appearance will be as they desire, they will do whatever they like and live amongst the boons they most enjoy, and their environment will physically look as they desire. Besides, none of them will happen in order to meet a need, to compensate for a defect or to cover up a flaw, but they will happen only for the people of Paradise to enjoy and have fun, as a blessing and kindness from Allah. (Allah knows the best.)

Some of the examples on the issue given in hadiths are as follows:

A man asked the Messenger of Allah: “Are there horses in Paradise?” And the Messenger of Allah answered:

“If Allah lets you into Paradise, and if you want to wander on the back of a horse made of red rubies, it will fly you wherever you want.”

Then, another one asked: “Are there camels in Paradise?” However, the Messenger of Allah did not answer it as he answered the other and said:

“If Allah lets you into Paradise, there will be everything you wish to have and you feel like seeing.”(Tirmidhi, Kutub Sitta, XIV/431).

“Everything you wish to have and you feel like seeing” expressed in the hadith is not limited to our worldly perception and imagination. Allah emphasizes the abundance of boons in Paradise with the verse

“…there will be there all that the souls could desire, all that their eyes could delight in: and ye shall abide therein (for aye).” (az-Zukhruf, 43/71).

The other verses about this issue are as follows:

“…therein shall ye have all that your souls shall desire; therein shall ye have all that ye ask for!”(Fussilat, 41/31).

“…what their souls desired, in that will they dwell.”(al-Anbiya,21/102).

There are lots of things which all of us wanted to do but could not do because sometimes we could not spare time for them and sometimes because they were risky. For instance, driving a car or riding a motorbike too fast can be such an exciting hobby for some people; some people may want to do dangerous sports such as diving into deep waters for long hours, or skiing in high mountains or parachuting at a height of hundreds of meters. However, all of them are branches of sports which risk one’s life.

“Every soul will be (held) in pledge for its deeds. Except the Companions of the Right Hand. They will be) in Gardens (of Delight)”(al-Muddathir, 74/ 38-40).

Many people may want to have special talents such as playing a musical instrument and painting pictures professionally. Those kinds of things require technical knowledge and training in some cases, besides talent. However, one will have the opportunity to do them without any talent, without any struggle, when s/he wishes in Paradise. (Allah knows the best)

It is stated in Quranic verses and hadiths that anything desired by a person will come true in Paradise with the wishing of Allah. In this sense, in Paradise, it may be possible for people to experience things which they can only dream of but cannot be possible on earth. For instance, it is impossible to fly on horseback under earthly conditions; however, it is possible with the wishing of Allah in Paradise, as pointed out by the hadiths. In the following hadith, it is stated that whoever desires can fly:

“If you are intended for the Garden and say “I would like to ride a horse of red ruby you will do so. If you say you wish to fly, you will fly.” (Ramuz al-Ahadith, p.149/5)

The Prophet says in another hadith about the abundance of boons in Paradise following:

“Allah said:, ‘I have prepared for My righteous slaves (such excellent things)
as no eye has ever seen, nor an ear has ever heard nor a human heart can ever think of.’"
(Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Kutub Sitta-14, p.4419/1).

Everything Desired Comes True Right Away in Paradise:

One who wants a fine dish on earth has to spend time and effort for it. The possibility that one will find those dishes in front of his/her as soon as s/he desires, without making any effort, is a situation which human soul will enjoy so much. However, it is not possible under earthly conditions. Boons will be offered to people in promised Paradise in a way that people will enjoy so much, without lots of causes and stages such as buying, spending time and making effort. That situation is described in a hadith as follows:

You will desire bird-meat in Paradise. It will be served in front of you right away as roasted.” (Büyük Hadis Külliyatı (Great Collection of Hadiths)-5, p.414/10123)

Another narration informs us of a hadith of the Prophet’s as follows:

“…if any of the inhabitants of Paradise wished to eat a bird, he would simply call it and the bird will drop on his table cloth. It would turn, part of it into roast bird meat and part of it into fried bird meat. When he completed eating it, the bird would reappear and fly back to its place on the tree. (Tadhkirat-al Qurtubi-1, p.58)

On the other hand, as one can do whatever s/he wishes in Paradise, it is stated in a hadith that it is possible for one to work on agriculture just for fun, though s/he does not need to work:

While Our prophet was talking to a man from the inhabitants of desert, it is narrated that He replied his questions as follows:

“One of the inhabitants of Paradise will seek permission from his Lord for cultivation. Allah will ask him: ‘Are you not in a state that you like?’ He will  say: ‘Yes, but I like to cultivate (the land).’ (When the man is permitted) he will soon sow the seeds. The plants will grow up get ripe and be ready for harvesting. Then the yield will develop into conglobation like huge mountain… (Bukhari, Büyük Hadis Külliyatı (Great Collection of Hadiths)-5, p.413/10119).

Changing Appearances as One Likes:

Everybody would doubtlessly want to have a flawless appearance if people were given the right of choice on their faces and physical structures because, people’s souls were created in a way to appreciate beauties and seek for the most flawless and the most perfect ones all the time. They can notice even the slightest flaw in a small detail. However, human beings cannot ever find the flawless beauty on earth. Even if a person is the most beautiful human being on earth, his/her beauty is shadowed by weaknesses, illnesses, and the most importantly, mortality because everything on earth is created with deficits and flaws as a requirement of testing. Those deficits and flaws play an important role and have wisdoms so that people will work for the hereafter and long for Heavenly life.

The original place of flawlessness and beauty human beings appreciate is Paradise. Allah will recreate a person in Paradise with a flawless beauty and in the form which s/he will like the best. Besides, this beauty is not limited to a single appearance. Allah will give people in Paradise an opportunity to choose whatever appearance they like at any time and this way people of Paradise will have different kinds of beauty whenever they wish.

“…therein shall ye have all that your souls shall desire; therein shall ye have all that ye ask for!” (Fussilat, 41/31).

The Prophet (pbuh) states that true believers in Paradise will get into any appearance they like from the markets in a hadith of his as follows:

“There is a market in Paradise. However, there is neither selling nor buying there. There are only appearances of men and women. If a man likes an appearance amongst them, he gets into that appearance.” (Tirmidhi, Kutub Sitta-14. p.434/17)

There is no Night in Paradise:

Night is created as a time of resting for people on earth. As there will not be a need for resting and sleeping in Paradise, there will not be a need for the darkness of the night as well. The fact that there will not be night in Paradise is stated in hadiths as follows:

“There is no night in Paradise. It (Paradise) consists of brightness and light…”(Ramuz al-Ahadith-2 p.366/4)

There is no Sleep in Paradise:

Sleep is one of the weaknesses that people experience on earth. All people are created in such a way that they will all need sleep and no matter how much they want to stay awake, they cannot resist it. When a body is exposed to lack of sleep, its resistance against illnesses will decrease and the person will look exhausted.

On the other hand, the time spent on sleeping is so long that it cannot be ignored. A person spends approximately one third of his life asleep. It means that a long part of the lifespan, which is already short, passes as if one is dead. As a matter of fact, Allah informs us that sleeping is a kind of death in the Quran with the following verse:

“It is Allah that takes the souls (of men) at death; and those that die not (He takes) during their sleep…”(az-Zumar, 39/42).

However, there are not weaknesses such as weariness and sleep in Paradise. Allah informs His slaves of that reality with the following verse:

“There no sense of fatigue shall touch them, nor shall they (ever) be asked to leave.”(al-Hijr, 15/48).

In another hadith, the fact that there is no sleep in Paradise is described as follows:

They asked the Prophet (pbuh): “Do people of Paradise sleep?” He answered: “Sleep is the brother of death. People of Paradise do not sleep.” (Büyük Hadis Külliyatı (Great Collection of Hadiths)-5, p.414/10125)

There is No Disagreement in Paradise:

One of the most important characteristics of people of Paradise is their high moral qualities. One hadith attracts attention to the moral beauties of the people of Paradise as follows:

“I guarantee a mansion in the gardens of Paradise, in upper Paradise and lower Paradise for the one who leaves quarrel though s/he is right, who does not lie even as a joke and improves his/her high moral qualities in order to set an example for people.”(Ramuz al-Ahadith-1, p.152/6)

Everybody feels comfortable in an atmosphere where there are people who use their consciousness and who fear Allah. And where there are no high moral qualities, there are quarrels, jealousy, fight, anger, hatred, mockery and touchiness. The people who live away from the moral values of the Quran form an atmosphere which reminds of Hell with their own hands because of these bad moral qualities they have.

“And We shall remove from their hearts any lurking sense of injury: (they will be) brothers (joyfully) facing each other on thrones (of dignity).”(al-Hijr, 47)

They lose a great boon because they give in to their own desires and passions, running after their worldly ambitions though they could live in a blissful, peaceful and safe atmosphere in a friendly and brotherly way and in tolerance. Being patient, moderate, wise, reasonable, balanced, forgiving, affectionate, full of love and having high moral qualities on earth bear a deep joy of faithfulness for Muslims. When a Muslim sees those good characteristics in her/himself, s/he feels a different joy, and when s/he sees them in other Muslims, s/he feels a different joy, too. Those pleasures, joys and beauties, which will last to the eternity, will increasingly last in Paradise too. The Prophet talks about that atmosphere in Paradise in one of his hadiths as follows:

 “… Their hearts is like the heart of a single person. There is no disagreement, animosity among them…”(Kutub Sitta-14, p. 449/3)

In a similar hadith, the moral qualities of the people of Paradise are described as follows:

“Their moral qualities are like those of a single person.”(Tadhkirat-al Qurtubi, p.329/579)

Allah draws attention to the sincere and hearty friendship that people of Paradise experience in the Quran as follows:

“And We shall remove from their hearts any lurking sense of injury: (they will be) brothers (joyfully) facing each other on thrones (of dignity).”(al-Hijr, 15/47).

There are not Negativities such as Sadness and Boredom:

Moods such as sadness and boredom which torture people are often seen in people who live away from the moral values of the religion. Those people, who ignore that Allah created everything with a destiny and for a good reason, fall into fear and panic when they encounter events which seem difficult. They fall into boredom; they complain because they do not submit themselves to Allah, and they even feel so great sadness that it harms their health. However, one cannot know what is good and what is bad for oneself; only Allah can know it. That reality is stated in the following verse:

“…But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and that you love a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows, and you know not.”(al-Baqarah, 2/ 216)

A situation which looks like a hardship, a trouble on earth can turn into a beauty which will lead one to Paradise in the hereafter. True believers who are aware of it ward off those negativities which seem to be troubles and hardships they encounter on earth with the help of the power of their faith. They consider every incident they encounter a beauty created by Allah, with the comfort and peacefulness of submitting to Allah and being consent with everything He created. For this reason, people who have the hope of entering Paradise do not evaluate any worldly thing as negativity. And they will live in Paradise eternally freed from all sadness, troubles and worries, with the mercy of Allah. This boon in Paradise is described in hadiths as follows:

“… And all worries will end. Expect those of people of Hell…”(Ramuz al-Ahadith-2, p.342/15).

“… and they will say:“We are eternal, we will never be destroyed, we are blissful people, we will never grieve…”(Tirmidhi, Büyük Hadis Külliyatı (Great Collection of Hadiths)-5, p.409/10099)

 “…No any trouble and danger therein…”(Ramuz al-Ahadith-1, p.170/1)

The issue is also mentioned in Bible as follows:

 “…Then one of the elders asked me, "These in white robes—who are they, and where did they come from?" I answered, "Sir, you know." And he said, "These are they who have come out of the great tribulation; they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb. Therefore, "they are before the throne of God and serve him day and night in his temple; and he who sits on the throne will spread his tent over them. Never again will they hunger; never again will they thirst. The sun will not beat upon them, nor any scorching heat. For the Lamb at the center of the throne will be their shepherd; he will lead them to springs of living water. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.” (Revelation of John, 7:13-17)

Allah describes that peaceful state of true believers in the Quran as follows:

“They rejoice in the bounty provided by Allah: And with regard to those left behind, who have not yet joined them (in their bliss), the (Martyrs) glory in the fact that on them is no fear, nor have they (cause to) grieve.”(Aal-i Imran, 3/170)

“And they will say: "Praise be to Allah, Who has removed from us (all) sorrow: for our Lord is indeed Oft-Forgiving Ready to appreciate (service)”(al-Fatir, 35/34)

“But Allah will deliver them from the evil of that Day, and will shed over them a Light of Beauty and (blissful) Joy.”(al-Insan, 76/11)

“Thou wilt recognize in their faces the beaming brightness of Bliss.”(al-Mutaffifin, 83/24).

As we have stated before, everything on earth is created with deficits and flaws deliberately as a requirement of testing. True believers show patience in the face of all hardships and troubles on earth; they submit to Allah. The Prophet states that one will have real peace only when s/he enters Paradise in his hadiths:

“Only those who enter Paradise receive comfort.”(Ramuz al-Ahadith-1, p.138/13)

In another hadith, the Prophet (pbuh) describes the peaceful atmosphere in Paradise as follows:

“Paradise is a place of shining light, a widespread scent, a well-built mansion, a flowing river, a ripe fruit, greenness, joy, coolness and freshness as an eternal dwelling.”

[see Prof. Subhi Salih, Ölümden Sonra Diriliş (Trans. Prof. Dr. Şerafeddin Gölcük), Kayıhan Yayınları, İstanbul, 2004, s. 232]

2-) How will we benefit from things in Paradise? Will everybody benefit from Paradise in the same way?

Imagine a person who committed all kinds of harams that Allah has forbidden almost all of his life but repented at a time when his death was near. On the other hand, imagine another person who tried to live a life in compliance with the Islamic rules from his puberty until his last breath. When a comparison is made between the two, is it not regarded as injustice if  both go to Paradise?

Allah (SWT) is just. He does not lose anyone’s deeds; He rewards people according to their deeds. Thus, if a person has more good deeds than another person, and if they both are in Paradise, the one who has more good deeds will benefit from Paradise better than the other one.

When a person who has a less taste of perception and another one who is far better than him eat the same apple, the pleasure of the former is far better than the latter when compared. This is valid in Paradise, too. Even though both are in Paradise, the pleasure they get from the paradise will be different.

While listening to the recitation of the Holy Qur’an, even if a prophet and an ordinary student are in the same place, they do not get the same pleasure and delight from it. The fact that they are in the same place does not mean that their pleasure will be at the same level. For that reason, even if two friends or spouses will be in the same place, their pleasures will not be the same in the hereafter  where material and spiritual benefactions are worthy of Paradise. There is no drawback to their togetherness.

The subject and the related hadith that we have presented above are explained by Badiuzzaman as follows:

 “We shall allude to this elevated truth with a comparison. For example, a magnificent personage set up a vast banquet and finely-adorned spectacle in a splendid garden.

He prepared it in such a way that it included all the delicious foods that the sense of taste can experience, and all the fine things that please the sense of sight, and all the wonders that amuse the faculty of imagination, and so on; he included in it everything that would gratify and give pleasure to the external and inner senses.

Now, there were two friends and they went together to the banquet and sat down at a table in a pavilion. But the sense of taste of one of them was very limited, so he received only minor pleasure. His eyes could see only a little, he had no sense of smell, and he could not understand the wondrous arts nor comprehend the marvels. He could only benefit from and take pleasure in a thousandth or even a millionth of that beautiful place, to the extent of his capacity. The other man however had developed his outer and inner senses, his mind, heart, emotions, and subtle faculties so perfectly and to such a degree that although he was next to his friend, he could perceive and experience all the subtleties and beauties and marvels and fine things in the exhibition, and receive their different pleasures.

Since this confused, sorrowful, and narrow world is thus, and although the greatest and the least are together, the difference between them is as great as from the ground to the Pleiades, surely in Paradise, the realm of bliss and eternity, while friend is together with friend, each will receive his share from the table of the Most Merciful and Compassionate One in accordance with his capacity and to the extent of his abilities.

Even if the Paradises in which they are found are different, it will not be an obstacle to their being together. For although the eight levels of Paradise are one above the other, the roof of all of them is the Sublime Throne.5 If there are walled circles round a conical mountain, one within the other and one above the other from its foot to the summit, the circles are one over the other and look to one another, but do not prevent each other seeing the sun. There are also various narrations of Hadiths indicating that the Paradises are in a manner close to this.”

3-) “There will be for them therein all that they wish and more besides in Our Presence.” (Qaf, 35) According to this verse, is Paradise limited? Why is it said ‘more besides in Our presence’?

There will be for them therein all that they wish and more besides in Our Presence. (Qaf, 35)

In the verse, it is said as follows: “there will be more besides in Our presence.” Humans demand benefactions and want to have things that lead to happiness according to their ability of knowing and understanding given to them in the world. However, spiritual benefactions that will make humans happy in the eternal life will not be limited like what is known, thought and dreamt of in the world life. In Paradise, there will be things that lead to prosperity such as “ridwan(a state of perfection and pleasure caused by God’s acceptance; His declaration of His consent) and “Ruyatullah” – (seeing God beyond any imaginable attributes or qualities.)

(See. Diyanet Tefsiri, Kur’an Yolu: V/60-61)

4-) "And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening." (Maryam, 62) Will there be two meals in Paradise?

"They will not there hear any vain discourse, but only salutations of peace: and they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening." (Maryam, 62)

What is meant by the statement "And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening" is that the food and drinks they wish are ready at two time periods that are as long as morning and evening. For, there is no morning and evening in reality in Paradise; there is no day or night there. The phrase "as long as" is regarded in the verse. (This interpretation was reported from Ibn Abbas and Ibn Jurayj.)

Some tafsir scholars say this sentence means "their sustenance is not stopped ". As a matter of fact, Allah Almighty stated the following in another verse: «It is neither stopped nor prevented by anybody.» It is like the following statement: «I mention your name in the morning and evening »; that is, I always mention your name.

Zubayr bin Bakkar reports from Ismail bin Abi Uways, who reports from Anas Ibn Malik: He said «Muslims have two meals a day» and read that verse. Then, he said, «Allah Almighty determined suhur as a meal so that Muslims will be strong enough to worship.»

Hakim at-Tirmidhi reports from Aban's hadith in his book called «Nawadiru'l Usul». He reports from Hasan and Abi Kilaba:

Somebody asked: «O Messenger of Allah! Are there night and day in Paradise? »

Hz. Prophet said, «What made you ask this question?» The man said:

«O Messenger of Allah! Allah Almighty states in the Quran: 'And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening.' I thought night is between evening and morning. Therefore, I asked you.»

Hz. Prophet answered: «There is no night there. There is only luminous light there. Morning comes after evening and evening comes after morning. The most valuable presents are sent to them by Allah during the times of prayer. Those prayers are performed in the world. The angels greet them.»

The hadith above explains the meaning of the verse:

Scholars said: «There are no nights and days in Paradise. The people of Paradise are in eternal luminous light. The night is distinguished from the day by the curtains being drawn and doors being closed. The length of the day is understood when the curtains are and doors are opened.» This was reported from hadiths scholars by Abu'l Faraj'il-Jawzi and Mahdawi. (Qurtubi, Ahkam'ul-Kur'an, Vol: 11, p: 127, ff.)

(see Ali Arslan, Büyük Kur’an Tefsiri, Arslan Publications: 11/139-147.)

5-) Will there be night and day, brightness and darkness in Paradise? Are there the concepts of morning and evening there?

Since there will be no tiredness and darkness in Paradise, there will not be night and sleep. In the Quran and hadiths, examples are given from the world so that we will understand the life in Paradise. What is meant by morning and evening is whenever they wish.

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"And they will have therein their sustenance, morning and evening." (Maryam, 62) Will there be two meals in Paradise?

6-) Will you mention the properties of the People of Paradise under the light of verses and hadiths?

In the Quran, Paradise is usually promised to the people of "belief and righteous deeds". In a verse, it is stated that the bounties of the eternity will belong to prophets, sincere lovers of truth, martyrs and righteous people (an-Nisa 4/69); in another verse stating that the width of Paradise is that of the whole of the heavens and of the earth, the properties of avoiding bad deeds, spending freely whether in prosperity or in adversity, restraining anger, pardoning people and asking for forgiveness for sins from Allah without insisting on sins are listed. (Aal-i Imran 3/133-135).

In various hadiths, the qualities of those who will enter Paradise are mentioned differently. (see Miftahu Kunuzi’s-Sunnah, “item al-jannah”) When Hz. Prophet was describing the high ranks of Paradise, the Companions who were with him said only prophets could settle in those places. The Messenger of Allah said, “Yes, and those who believe in Allah and approve His prophets” can attain those ranks. (Bukhari, “Bad'u’l-Khalq”, 8; Muslim, “Jannah”, 11)

Quranic verses and hadiths describe those who will go to hell as rude, conceited, stingy, hard-hearted, etc and the people of Paradise with the opposites of these attributes. In a hadith, the people of Paradise are described as someone who wields authority and is just and fair, someone who is merciful and kind hearted towards his relatives and to every Muslim, and someone who does not stretch his hand in spite of having a large family to support; in another hadith, it is stated that the people whose hearts are sensitive like the hearts of birds will enter Paradise. (Muslim, “Jannah”, 27, 63)

Many hadiths describing the people who will not be able to enter Paradise were reported from Hz. Prophet. Among those people are a person who has conceitedness, though very little, in his heart, a person who is a talebearer, a person who does not visit and talk to his relatives, a person who harasses his neighbor and a statesman who does not act sincerely toward his people and who does not heed advice.  (Miftahu Kunuzi’s-Sunnah, “item al-jannah”) The scholars of Ahl as-Sunnah hold the view that these kinds of hadiths have didactic and instructional purposes and that the believers will enter Paradise even if they are punished in Hell for a while. In a narration of the hadith stating that the gate of Paradise would be opened by him, the Prophet says, “I am the first person to open the gate of Paradise but a woman tries to open it before me. I ask her, ‘What are you doing? Who are you?’ She says, ' I am a widow who did not marry in order to take care of her children.” (Muslim, “Iman”, 333; Haythami, VIII, 172).

In various hadith resources, including Bukhari and Muslim, there are hadiths stating that a lot of groups from the ummah of Muhammad will enter Paradise without being called to account. Main properties of these groups are as follows: Not to have tattoos on their bodies, not to practice exorcism, not to believe in the existence of ominous things and incidents, to rely on Allah only and not to fear anyone else. (Ibn Kathir, II, 147-160). It is understood that the issues mentioned here indicate the beliefs of idolatry before Islam.

Reference: Bekir Topaloğlu, DİA, Item Cennet, VII, 384-385