Since the world is a field of examination, is the situation of the Prophet Adam not contrary to the examination? It is impossible for one who saw Allah the Almighty, Hell, the Hereafter, Angels, Satan and other extraterrestrial creatures not to believe?

Details of the Question
Since the world is a field of examination, is the situation of the Prophet Adam not contrary to the examination? It is impossible for one who saw Allah the Almighty, Hell, the Hereafter, Angels, Satan and other extraterrestrial creatures not to believe?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Not only the Prophet Adam but also all prophets do not have even a particle of doubt in belief. They are under the guard and protection of Allah. Other prophets also believed in Allah and other principles of belief as if they saw with their eyes. Prophethood is a rank granted by Allah, not a rank attained by working. Therefore, being in a different status from other people is a natural result of their prophethood mission.

It should not be forgotten that the gist of examination is to obey orders and prohibitions of Allah. People obey the orders and prohibitions of Allah based on the degree they know Him. From this point of view, prophets know, fear and love Allah, and are obedient to His orders and prohibitions more than other people. So, having strong belief does not mean that their examination is finished; on the contrary, it drives them to be more obedient to Allah.

The examination of notables is harder than ordinary people. The meaning of this is as follows: the small mistakes of notables are regarded as great ones compared to those of ordinary people, and they are treated according to it. For instance, the prophet Adam’s obeying to Satan’s oath only once caused him to be dismissed from Paradise. The Prophet Nuh (Noah), who carried out his prophethood duty under very difficult conditions for 950 years, misunderstood an expression of Allah; so, he appealed to Allah in that direction. He was scolded severely that he would be stamped with ignorance because of this attitude of him.

“And Noah called upon his Lord, and said: “O my Lord! Surely my son is of my family! And Your promise is true, and You are the justest of Judges!” He said: “O Noah! He is not of your family. For his conduct is unrighteous. So ask not of Me that of which you has no knowledge! I give you counsel, lest you act like the ignorant!” Noah said: “O my Lord! I do seek refuge with You, lest I ask You for that of which I have no knowledge. And unless You forgive me and have Mercy on me, I should indeed be lost!” (Hud, 11/45-47).

It cost a lot to the Prophet Jonah leaving his place due to his humane weakness in order to get away from the calamity that, he knew with revelation, would occur. Thus, he found himself in the belly of the fish.

It is undoubted that other prophets also experienced hard tests. The Prophet Abraham experienced all kinds of troubles and tests.

The following hadith points out this truth; “The people who experienced the hardest examinations are prophets” (Tirmidhi, Zuhd 57; Ahmad bin Hanbal, 1/172,174).

It is important to pay attention to the point that prophets are also humans. Their human aspect was not vanished. It is a known fact that although we believe in Allah, our human aspects struggle to distort us from the right path. Prophets have no doubt in belief but it is also a fact that they underwent examinations by being exposed to some delusions in terms of their human weaknesses. The situation of the Prophet Jonah who left his place of duty without permission of Allah in order to get rid of the calamity that his nation was going to be exposed to is another example.

Moreover, the great saints of Allah can see many things that are invisible to us with the permission of Allah, but their examinations do not end despite this. For, anyone is vulnerable to lose his rank at any time.

The following hadith points out this truth; "All men will perish, except scholars; and all scholars will perish except those who act in accordance with their knowledge; and all of them will perish except the sincere ones; and even the sincere are in great danger. (Ajluni, 2/312).

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