“…for the unbelievers are unto you open enemies.” (Surah An-Nisa, 4/101) Is this verse valid for all ages? How should our relations with unbelievers? Is it permissible to trade with them?
Submitted by on Mon, 21/03/2011 - 10:59
Dear Brother / Sister,
“…for the Unbelievers are unto you open enemies.” (Surah An-Nisa, 4/101)
The hostility of unbelievers to Muslims exists in every age. As a matter of fact, the insulting sentences of some unbelievers against Muslims is the indicator of this. However not all non-Muslims are the same. There are groups that follow the truth and justice among them. We as Muslims should base our relations on humanistic values and should not leave from the truth and justice and should not see them as our enemies.
The following is stated in the Qur’an; “Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loveth those who are just.” (Surah Al-Mumtahina, 60/8)
The verse in the Surah of Al-Maeda is not a hindrance to have dialogue and humanistic relations with them, “O ye who believe! take not the Jews and the Christians for your friends and protectors: they are but friends and protectors to each other. And he amongst you that turns to them (for friendship) is of them. Verily Allah guideth not a people unjust.” (Surah of Al-Maeda, 5/51) As a matter of fact, getting married with women from the people of the book is definite with the order of the Qur’an. (See. Al-Maeda, 5/5). Mufassir (Interpreter of the Qur’an) Elmalılı Hamdi Yazır says the following about the verse given above: Believers are not banned from doing goodness, making friends with them and becoming a manager over them; they are banned from being very close friends with them and helping them doing bad things because they are not real friends for Muslims.
As trading with Muslims is permissible, trading with non-Muslims is also permissible.
There are some non-Muslims who may want to harm Muslims. Muslims can understand these people from their speaking and manners with their foresight.
Questions on Islam
- What are the verses about Angels, Jinn, and Devils?
- Does the 113th verse of Surah Hud threaten only Muslims?
- How should our relations with non-Muslims be?
- Can Islam and disbelievers exist (live) together? I am a disbeliever and your answer to this question will determine whether I will trust Muslims or not.
- How must the verse “Do not befriend Jews and Christians” be understood? Is to have economic and social relations with them included in the prohibitive boundaries of this verse?
- Will ahl al-kitab (The people of the book) enter paradise?
- What does the Quran say about the Creator (Allah)? What are His characteristics?
- Like the verses of al-Baqara, 2/191 and at-Taubah, 9/29, how can the verses of violence in the Qur’an be universal?
- How did Allah allow the prophets to be killed?
- What are the criteria for social intercourse with non-Muslims? Is it permissible to be business partners with them?