Surah in 3rd and 4th Rakat

Details of the Question
Assalaam Alykum I want to know that in Sunnah and Nafil prayers, does one need to recite surrah in each rakat or only Surah-e-Fateha is engouh for the 3rd and 4th rakat? Also, after Friday prayer, is there any additional prayer? Regards Waseem
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

In the third and fourth rakahs of Sunnah and Nafila prayers, reciting a surah after Fatiha is wajib (necessary) according to Hanefi sect, but it is sunnah according to Shafi sect. That is to say, when it is not recited, the prayer is valid but sahiw sajdah (forgetfulness prostration) is needed.

As for your second question, after Friday Prayer the salat of Dhuhr ul Akhirah (Last dhuhr prayer) is performed. But it is not compulsory to perform it. Detailed explanation is given below.

Is it necessary to perform salat of Dhuhr ul Akhirah (Last dhuhr prayer) after the salat of Jum’a (Friday prayer)?

One of the purposes of the Jum’a prayer is to make Muslims come together and strengthen their relationships and friendships. Because of this, the scholars in the early times of Islam wanted all the Muslims to perform the Jum’a prayer in the same mosque even if there were more than one mosque in their environs.

But Muslim population increased in time and it became impossible for the Muslims in a town or city to come together and perform the Jum’a Prayer all together.

This situation caused some different views between the after times scholars. Some of them stated that “if the Jum’a prayer is performed in more than one mosque in a city, only the one who started first is valid.” (1)

But there are more scholars including Imam Muhammad and Imam Sarakhsi stating that the Jum’a prayer can be performed in any mosque. (2) Imam Sarakhsi says:

“As transmitted from the school of Abu Hanifa it is permissible to perform the Jum’a in more than one mosque in a city. We believe in this.”
Ibn Abidin says on this subject:
“It is obvious that it is very hard to perform the Jum’a prayer in one location. Whereas there is no evidence that it can not be performed in more than one location.” 3
Also when Imam Shafi saw that Jum’a prayer was being performed in more than one mosque in the city of Baghdat, he didn’t raise an objection against this.

Therefore, actually there is no need to perform an additional prayer named Dhuhr ul Akhirah apart from the Jum’a prayer. But some people perform ittaking some above-mentioned scholars' view into consideration. The reason for performing such a prayer is:
“If the Jum’a prayer is not valid, this additional prayer serves as the Dhuhr prayer.”
This additional prayer is performed like the fard(compulsory part) of the Dhuhr prayer.

However this additional prayer was not transmitted from any of Imam Al Azam, Imam Muhammad or Imam Abu Yusuf.

Even if this prayer is performed, it can be performed intending for a qaza salat (a salat that we couldn’t perform in time).

                          Mehmed Paksu, İbadet Hayatımız (Our Prayer Life)

References:
1. Shur un bilal and Abu Zayd as Shibli. al-Miftah Sharh u Nur ul Izah. p. 98.
2. Fatawa Hindi, 1:145.
3. Ibn Âbidin, 1:541.

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