FAQ in the category of Wudu, Ghusl, Tayammum

1 Does sleeping while sitting break wudu?

Sleeping that makes man lose control of himself breaks wudu. It does not matter whether he sleeps lying on his side, on his back, face down or leaning on his elbow. Sleeping slightly in a way that one hears what people around him talking does not break wudu.

If a person falls when the thing that he leans on by sleeping is drawn, his wudu is invalidated since he fell asleep.

2 Does the gum in the eye harm wudu and ghusl?

A gum occurs in the eye that hurts. If the gum is on the outer part of the eye, it is necessary to wash under the gum when the eyes are closed while washing the face. Otherwise, wudu is not valid.

(see Celal YILDIRIM, İslam Fıkhı)

3 Is it Necessary to say Basmala and Make Niyyah before Making Ghusl?

Niyyah and basmala are not necessary for ghusl. Ghusl is valid even if niyyah and basmala are not said.

Niyyah is one of the sunnahs of ghusl. Therefore, ghusl made without a niyyah is valid. When a person makes niyyah, he receives the reward of a sunnah. If he does not make niyyah, his ghusl does not become invalid.

It is possible to make ghusl in two ways depending on whether a person has ample time or not:

1. If there is a little water, if it is very cold and if there is not enough time, that is, when ghusl is made in a hurry, the private parts are cleaned first. After that, it is necessary to rinse the mouth and the nose three times, making sure that no dry part is left inside them. Then, water is poured down from the head, right shoulder and left shoulder to wash and wet the whole body. When there is no dry part left, ghusl is complete. This is how ghusl is made by fulfilling only the fards of ghusl when it is made in a hurry.

2. As for ghusl made when there is ample time and the place is suitable, after the private parts are washed, wudu is made. Then, water is poured down the head three times; after that, water is poured down from the right shoulder and left shoulder respectively three times. Each time the water is poured, all of the body is rubbed well in order to clean the material dirt along with the spiritual dirt. It is necessary to make sure that no dry part as small as a pinpoint is left on the body. Finally, the feet that step on the place where the water pours are washed.

What is fard for ghusl in both ways is not to leave any dry place in the mouth, in the nose and on the body. If it is fulfilled, ghusl becomes complete and the body is cleaned both spiritually and materially.

4 Why is the wudu of a husband or wife invalidated in Shafiis when they touch each other though they are husband and wife?

This is a controversial issue among madhhabs.

One of the issues used by the enemies of Islam is the issue of “madhhab”. On the one hand, they try to show the issue of madhhab as an element of disagreement; on the other hand, they want to deceive Muslims through demagogy. When you study the issue of madhhab a bit, you will see that madhhabs originated from a need and that they were never an element of disagreement.

In the religion of Islam, which consists of two parts called creed and deed, madhhabs deal with practical issues. The appearance of more than one madhhab originated from the fact that the imams of madhhabs understood some theoretical principles differently. (Nursi, Mektubat, p.449)

For instance, while the Prophet (pbuh) was performing a prayer, a stone pricked his forehead and his forehead bled. Hz. Aisha removed the stone from his forehead and threw it away. The Prophet (pbuh) made wudu again and performed the prayer. Since the Prophet made wudu again, his wudu must have been invalidated.

Abu Hanifa, the imam of Hanafi madhhab, and Imam Shafii, the imam of Shafii madhhab analyzed this incident when they dealt with the issue of what invalidates wudu.

Abu Hanifa reached the following conclusion: “The Prophet (pbuh) made wudu again because the stone caused bleeding.”  Imam Shafii explained the cause of the invalidation of wudu as Hz. Aisha's touching the forehead of the Prophet (pbuh). Thus, according to Hanafis, a little amount of bleeding invalidates wudu but according to Shafiis, when a woman touches a man, wudu is invalidated.

As it is seen, both decrees are true and they are based on a true reason.

5 Does breaking wind or leakage like madhi coming out while making ghusl invalidate ghusl?

What is fard in ghusl is to rinse the mouth and the nose, and to wash the whole body without leaving any place dry. To utter niyyah (intention), to make wudhu and to utter basmala are among the sunnahs of ghusl. Ghusl is valid even if the sunnahs are not performed.

If something that invalidates wudu takes place while making ghusl, it invalidates wudu, not ghusl. You can keep making ghusl.

The leakage that takes place while making ghusl does not invalidate ghusl but it invalidates the wudu property of ghusl. That is, this ghusl, which is sound and removes the state of janabah, is not valid for performing a prayer. It is necessary to make wudu again for worshipping, but this ghusl is valid.  

To put it in a scholarly way, anything that invalidates ghusl also invalidates wudu but not everything that invalidates wudu invalidates ghusl. Therefore, any leakage from the urinary tract, any liquid from a wound, blood coming from a tooth, etc while making ghusl do not invalidate ghusl. Ghusl made along with them is valid but wudu is invalid.

6 Are there any drawbacks to making ghusl immediately after becoming junub; is it necessary to wait for a few minutes?

After ejaculation, it is necessary to wait a bit, to urinate, to sleep or to walk so that the leakage of semen will stop completely. For, the leakage does not stop immediately since it comes slowly. However, it is not necessary to wait for a long time. A few minutes will do. 

If a person who has had a wet dream or who has had a sexual intercourse makes ghusl without urinating or walking or sleeping and if semen comes out, he needs to make ghusl again. However, the semen that comes out without lust after urinating or walking or sleeping does not necessitate ghusl. For, semen comes out without lust in that case.

7 What is the wisdom behind ghusl? Why is ghusl made?

There are several material and spiritual benefits and wisdoms of making ghusl.  First of all, it is the order of Allah regarding certain states and it is fard. In addition, it makes us gain the thawab of sunnah, leading to the intercession of the Prophet (pbuh). Equal to those thawabs, ghusl becomes a means of being purified from the impurities of sins. In conclusion, ghusl is a special source of prosperity for us. 

Ghusl is a necessity in order to clean the body at certain intervals. With ghusl, all of the impurities of the body are eliminated; the body becomes clean. Thus, the body is cleaned from the microbes that threaten the health.  

If we act in accordance with rules of ghusl when we take a daily shower for cleanliness, we will get rid of impurities and transform our daily habit into worshipping. In that case, ghusl will clean our body from material impurities on the one hand and it will prepare us for worshipping on the other hand, gaining us the thawabs of worshipping.

Since ghusl also includes wudu, we will not need to make wudu again for worshipping.

Another wisdom behind making ghusl after certain processes like janabah or menstruation/puerperum is that ghusl gives man energy for life. The human body that becomes tired after menstruation or puerperum and that becomes slack and tired after sexual ejaculation and orgasm regains its energy after ghusl and gets rid of tiredness. The new process of cleanliness virtually opens a new page.

Another wisdom behind making ghusl is that it keeps the body fit, dynamic and lively. Human body, which is three-fourths water, gets rid of its tiredness when it touches water, starts the process of resting and gathers new liveliness and dynamism. Life virtually starts again with ghusl. The spirit and feelings of man come round. Man's spirit feels strong again for new achievements.

8 Does ghusl become complete by washing the body with soapy water? Or is it necessary to wash the body only with water?

Ghusl can be made with water only or by using soap and water.