Salat-u Tasbih (The Prayer of Glorification)
It is one of the additional prayers (a voluntary or supererogatory act of worship) which is performed for offering of glorification to Allah Almighty. Salat-u Tesbih is one of the prayers that is considered to be canonically laudable. Being an Arabic word, Tasbih means absolving Allah of defect attributes and offering glorification to Him. It takes this name because of reciting three hundred times Subhânallâhi wal hamdulillâhi walâ ilâha illallâhu wallâhu akbar Glorified is Allah, All the praises and thanks are to Allah, There is no god but Allah, and Allah is the greatest. in four-rakah- prayer. ( rakah means prescribed movements and words followed by Muslims during salah )
There is no certain time for the prayer of glorification. Out of the time that prayer is lawful but reprehensible ( The time of Karahat, these are sunrise, sunset and when the sun is at its zenith until it moves slightly to the west.), it can be performable any time it is wished. Like as it is possible to perform this prayer as four-rakah, so too, it is possible to perform it separately two-by-two-rakah by means of performing Salâm by saying Assalâmu alikum wa rahmatullâh The Peace and Mercy of Allah be upon you by turning the face both sides at the end of each two-rakah. ( Vehbe ez-Zuhavlî, el-Fıkhul-İslâmî and Edilletühü, Dımaşk, 1984, II, 49)
There is no certain verse in the Quran about the prayer of glorification. But one Hadith has been narrated concerning this prayer. Allahs Noble Messenger (pbuh) advised this prayer his uncle Hazrath Abbas by saying this:
O Abbas! My dear uncle! Would you mind if I gave you something? Would you mind if I made a contribution to you? Would you mind if I offered you a speciality? Would you mind if I gave you the criterion of ten habits? When you comply with these ten habits, Allah Almighty forgives your bygone and coming, old and new, advertently or inadvertantly, hidden or apparent committed sins. These ten habits are those:
Perform four-rakah prayer and in each rakah recite the Surah of Fâtîha and another surah. In the first rakah after finishing recitation (Subhanaka-Audhu Basmala-Fatiha-A Surah), while still standing, recite fifteen times Subhânallâhi wal hamdulillâhi walâ ilâha illallâhu wallâhu akbar then bow down for the rukû (bowing position) and during this position recite once more the same glorification ten times. Then raise your head up and recite it ten times more while standing. After that, prostrate and once again recite it ten times in this position. While sitting between two prostrations recite it ten times more. When you reach second prostration again recite it ten times and finally, recite the same glorification ten more times when you leave your head up from prostration. In this way, in one rakah you will have completed seventy-five times glorification.
O my dear uncle! If you are able to cope with it perform this prayer once a day. If you are not, try to perform once every friday. Even if you cannot do this, try to perform it once a year. If you cannot, at least, perform it once in your life.( Tirmizi, Vitir, 19; İbn Mace, İkâme, 190; Ebû Dâvud, Tatavvuu, 14; et- Tergip vet-Terhib, I, 467, 469)
There are two views abaout the place of the glory recited in the prayer of glorification. According to the Hanafi sect ( pertaining to the school of canonical law of Abu Hanife ), when performing the prayer of glorification, firstly it is intended to perform the prayer of glorification or additional prayer for the pleasure of Allah and is said Allâhu Akbar Allah is the greatest. than is started to prayer. After Subhânaka supplication, it is recited Subhânallâhi wal hamdu lillâhi ... fifteen times. Then, Aûdhu Basmala, Fâtiha and a surah is recited and once again Subhânallâhi wal hamdu lillâhi ... is recited ten times. After that ,Rukû is performed. After reciting three times Subhâna rabbiyel adhim Glory to my Lord the Great., once again Subhânallâhi wal hamdu lillâhi ... is recited ten times. Then Samiallahu liman hamidah, Rabbana lakal hamd Allah hears whoever glorify him, O our Lord to you alone belong all the praises and thanks. is recited when standing up. While standing once more Subhânallâhi wal hamdu lillâhi ... is recited ten times. After that, the prostration is performed. After reciting three times Subhana Rabbiyal alâ Glory to my Lord, the Most High in the prostration, once again Subhânallâhi wal hamdu lillâhi ...is recited ten times. Then Allâhu Akbar Allah is the Greatest. is said while standing up. During the sitting between two prostration, once more Subhânallâhi wal hamdu lillâhi ... is recited ten times. And at the second prostration Subhana Rabbiyal alâ Glory to my Lord, the Most High is recited three times, after that once again Subhânallâhi wal hamdu lillâhi ... is recited ten times. By that way, totally you will have recited seventy-five glorification.
After first rakah, it is stood for the second rakah. Once again Subhânallâhi wal hamdu lillâhi ... is recited fifteen times. Then , likewise the first rakah, the second rakah and the prostration is performed. At-tahiyyatu, Allahumma Salli, Allahumma Barik is recited. By that way additional glorifications all togather reaches hundred and fifty. After that, befor performing Salam (Greeting) or after, it is stood up. he third and fourth rakahs are performed likewise the first and second rakah. By this way, totally, glory supplication is recited three hundred times.
This kind of glorification prayer is according to the narration of Abdullah b. Mübarek among Ebu Hanifes students, written in Tirmizis el- Cami. According to the second view, it is performed as above mentioned Hadith.
According to one more narration, the glory supplication recited in the prayer of glorification is extended as Subhânallâhi wal hamdu lillâhi walâ ilâha illallâhu wallâhu akbar, wala hawla wala quwwata illa billahil aliyyil adhim. Glorified is Allah, All the praises and thanks are to Allah, There is no god but Allah, and Allah is the Greatest. Thre is no omnipotence and power except by Allah, the most High, the most Great.
If you make a mistake in the prayer, there is no need to make up for it with the Sahiw Sajdahs ( forgetfulness prostration). If you can keep this glorifications in your mind, there is no need for using fingers. But if it is performed in congregation, İmam read aloud the glorifications. (İbn Abidîn, Reddu'l-Muhtar, Egypt 1966,II, 27).
As all prayers, so in the glorification prayer, you can recite any part you like from the Quran. There is nothing as This verse can not be recited or you are supposed to recite only this verse. But when asked to İbn Abbas: Do you know any certain Surah for this prayer?: He answered:Yes, at-Takathur, al- Kafirun, al-İkhlas. (Fetavayi Hindiyye, Egypt 1323, I, 119)